(Click to enlarge)
smaller photo to see larger photo.
in the West ended circa 410 AD but lived on as the Byzantine Empire in
the East for over another thousand years. Constantinople was a
famous and strategic city. Many Christian themes appear on later
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Licinicus I Follis
A selection of Cheaper Roman Coins.
In packets, described.
Email to save yours.Numerian (282-283 AD) Antoninianus VG/F $25
Licinius I (308-324AD) Follis, VG/F $30
Crispus (317-326 AD) AE3, Two victories, F/aVF $35
Constantine II, (317-337AD) Victory on Prow, light corrosion, Fine $20
Constans (337-350 AD) AE4, S 3970 gF
Constantius Gallus (351-354 AD) AE4 Fine $20
Theodosius II (378-395AD) AE 4 aVF $25
Arcadius (383-408 AD) AE 4 gF $25
Click small photo to see larger photo.
A selection of single Roman
& Byzantine coins, c 220AD-1453AD.
Provincial. Phoenicia, Tyre. Diadumenian. As
Caesar, AD 217-218. Æ 16mm (5.04
g). Bare head right /Palm Tree. S 3025. Near Fine, scarce ruler.|
208 AD, the son of Macrinus and given the rank of Caesar at the age of
only 9 years old. He only enjoyed this title for a month or so, after
the revolt that overthrew Macrinus, he tried to escape to Parthia, but
was captured and executed.
| Born of humble
parents in Mauretania in A.D 164. Became prefect of the Praetorian guard under
Caracalla and was party to the latter's murder. On April 11th 217 he was saluted
Augustus by his troops & the elevation was confirmed by the Senate. His army in
the East was annihilated by the Parthians & the peace terms were so unfavourable
that Macrinus lost most of his popularity. A conspiracy favourable to Elagabalus
caused the Syrian army to break into open revolt, in the ensuing struggle
Macrinus was defeated & fled to Chalcedon, but was betrayed, captured & put to
death after a reign of fourteen months.||Sold|
||Rome - Elagabalus. 218-222 AD. Silver Denarius. 18mm, 3.24 grams. Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus. S7521, RSC 79. Very Fine.|
205 AD, first cousin of Caracalla, although it was put around as a
rumour that he was the son of Caracalla. The wealth of his grandmother
obtained for him the appointment as priest of Elagabalus, a name which
he became to be known. Following the defeat of Macrinus, the Senate
proclaimed him Emperor. A reign notorious for religious fanatacism,
cruelty, bloodshed and excess of every kind. There was general
satisfaction amongst the population when in 222, the Praetorian guard
mutinied, killing the Emperor and his mother, their bodies being
dragged through the streets and thrown into the Tiber.
|Rome - Severus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Silver Denarius. 18mm, 2.61 grams. Laureate
bust to right, draped and cuirassed, around IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND
AVG, rev. P M TR P III COS P P Pax standing to left, holding olive
branch and sceptre, (cf.S.7896, RIC 40, RSC 254); Very Fine.||$65|
||Rome - Severus Alexander. 222-235 AD. Silver Denarius. 18mm, 2.01 grams. Victory standing left with captive at feet. S7929 RSC 558a. Very Fine.|
208 A.D. Adopted by Elagabalus as Caesar in 221 AD. Popular and
talented he was, upon the death of Elagabalus, immediately proclaimed
Emperor by the Praetorian guard and confirmed by the Senate. He ruled
wisely and well, but was beset by frontier troubles, fighting campaigns
against the Parthians in the East and the Germans in the West. A band
of factious soldiers, instigated by the Thracian savage Maximinus, at
that time one of Alexander's guards, slew Alexander and his mother at
their camp near Mainz on 22nd March 235 AD.
||Rome - Gordian
III. 238-244 AD. Silvered Antoninianus, 20mm, 3.58 grams. Virtus standing right. S8668, RSC 381. Good Very Fine.||$75|
||Rome - Gordian
III. 238-244 AD.
Provincial Issue, Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis, (copper) AE 26. Gordian and
Sarapis facing busts, Dionysos reverse. Seaby Greek Imperial 3644. Superior
Born about 225
A.D. Grandson of Gordian I & nephew of Gordian II. Given the title of Caesar by
the joint emperors Balbinus & Pupienus & after their murders was proclaimed
emperor by the Praetorian guard. In 242 Gordian set off to the East to direct
the Persian campaign in person. His first actions were successful, but the
loyalty of the troops was undermined by the Praetorian prefect M. Julius
Philippus & Gordian was deposed & murdered in Mesopotamia in 244 A.D.
|Rome - Philip I 244-249 AD.
Silver Antoninianus. (22mm, 3.16 g). Rx Roma holding Victory. Sear 8954, RSC 170 RIC IV 45. Very Fine.||$75|
|Rome - Florian 276 AD.
AE Antoninianus. 21mm, 3.92 grams. Rx Laetitia. Fine and a scarce ruler.|
half brother of Tacticus. Head of the Praetorian guard, upon the sudden
death of Tacticus, he was proclaimed Emperor , however a threat
arose from Probus, one of Aurelian's most capable generals.
Realising that Probus was a superior commander, the troops deserted
Florian and killed him. A very short reign of only about three months.
||Rome - Carausius. 287-293.
AE Antoninianus. 23mm diameter. Reverse, Pax. Seaby 4th Ed 3562. Overall,
scarce and interesting ruler - a usurper in the West.
Originally a general of Maximianus, he was based
near Boulogne and ordered to clear the seas of Frankish & Saxon pirates.
However, he soon turned to piracy himself, proclaimed himself Emperor and sailed
to Britain where he defeated the forces of the Governor & took control of the
province. Murdered in 293 A.D. by his chief minister Allectus.
|Rome - Constantius I, as Caesar, (A.D. 305-306) AE
folles, issued 304-5, Antioch mint, (26mm, 11.10 g), obv. laureate head
to right, around FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, rev. GENIO POPV LI
ROMANI, in exergue ANT, Genius standing to left, holding patera and
cornucopiae, S in right field, (cf.S.14068, RIC 53a. Very Fine.||$50|
||Rome - Galerius, 305-311AD.
As Augustus. AE folles, issued 309-310, Siscia mint, (25mm, 7.20 g), obv. laureate
head to right of Galerius, around IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, rev. around
GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius Standing left holding patera and cornucopiae, SIS
in exergue, crescent to left, A to right, (S.14505, RIC 198a, C.133)
Rome - Galerius, 305-311AD.
AE Follis, 26mm, 10.2 grams. Genius reverse, Heraclea mint. Seaby 4th ed
3179. Nice colour and portrait, VF.
|Rome - Maximinius. Civil issue of Antioch. Circa
311-312 AD. Quarter Follis (14mm, 1.46 gm) Tyche turrented and
veiled seated facing on rock, river God Orontes below, Rev Apollo
standing left holding patera and lyre. (SI 4927) Good Fine.|
type is associated with the persecution of the Christians, an Imperial
policy which was soon to be overturned following Constantine's vision
of the cross in 312 AD, conversion to Christianity and subsequent Edict
of Milan the following year.
|ANCIENT ROMAN Bronze & Copper coins, including
Maximianus, (A.D. 286-305), AE follis, Siscia mint, (8.25 g), rev.
Moneta holding scales and cornucopiae, (RIC 134b); Constantius II,
centenionalis; other 3rd-4th century AE of Maximianus, Theodosius,
Valentinian, Licinius, Constantine I, etc. Poor - nearly very fine, mostly identifiable. (22 coins in group)||$175|
||Rome - Galeria
Valeria, wife of
Augusta, 308-315 AD. Æ Follis (22mm, 6.87 gm) Antioch mint.
Struck 308/9 AD. Diademed and draped bust right / Venus standing facing, head
left, holding up apple over lighted altar, and raising drapery over shoulder;
crescent-B//ANT. Cf. RIC VI 107; J.P.C. Kent, "Bronze Coinage under Constantine
I," NumChron 1957, 1116. VF, brown surfaces.
From the Garth R. Drewry Collection.
||Rome - Constantine the Great 307-337 AD.
AE Follis, 27mm. Very Fine.||$50|
||Rome - Licinius.
AE Follis, 18mm. Reverse, Sol. Seaby 4th Ed 3806. Sharp detail, gVF.
||Rome, Julian II. AD 360-363. Æ. (26mm,
8.55 g). Antioch mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 361-363. Pearl-diademed,
draped, and cuirassed bust right / Bull standing right; two stars
above; (palm)ANTΔ(palm). RIC VIII 216; LRBC 2640. VF, dark brown
surfaces, some roughness. || Sold|
Jovian. 363-364 AD. AE3,
18mm diameter, reverse R VOT in laurel wreath. Seaby 4th Ed 4087. VF and scarce.
Rome - Valens. 364-378 AD. Silver
Siliqua (18.5mm, 2.11 g, 6h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 367-375.
Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOT/X/MVLT/XX in
four lines within wreath; •ANT*. RIC IX 34b.4; RSC 96†h. VF, toned, a
few marks under tone. Silver coins from this period are scarce.|| $295|
||ROME, Honorius. AD 393-423. Gold Solidus. (21mm,
4 g). Constantinople mint. 408-20AD.
Helmeted bust facing ½ right holding spear & shield, rev
Constantinopolis helmeted seated holding sceptre & Victory on
globe. gVF. 4.31g, S-20905. |
Last Western Roman Emperor before the fall of
Rome. A weak and ineffectual ruler, spending most of his time at Ravenna, the
real power was in the hands of his gifted general Stilicho. When Stilicho was
executed in 408 due to a palace intrigue, Rome was helpless before the power of
Alaric and the Visigoths and was finally sacked in 410. The ensuing years were a
period of recovery for the Western Empire, thanks to the leadership of
Constantius III who was raised to the rank of Augustus by Honorius in 421 AD.
Click small photo to see larger photo.
Byzantine coins - c 491 to
Justinian I. 527-565. Gold Solidus.
(20mm, 4.46 g). Constantinople mint,
9th officina. Struck 538-545. D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed
bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield decorated with soldier on
horseback riding right / VICTORI A AVGGG Ө, Angel standing facing, holding long
cross and globus cruciger; star to right; CONOB. DOC 8g; MIBE 6; SB 139. Superb
EF, fully lustrous, with only a hint on wear on the highest points.
Regarded as a "Golden Age" of Byzantine rule, his reign spanned nearly four
decades. During this time North Africa was recovered from the Vandals, Italy
from the Goths and a foothold was established in Spain. For the last time in
history the Mediterranean could rightly be called a Roman lake. These successes
were to some extent countered by the expansion of Persian power in the East, to
which Justinian was required to pay large sums in Tribute to keep the uneasy
peace on the Eastern frontier. At home he was equally active, building the
magnificent church of St Sophia which is still one of the prominent landmarks of
modern Istanbul and reforming the legal system. This tremendous activity taxed
the Empire to the limit of resources and after his death, much of the work of
reconquest was quickly undone..
|Byzantine. Justin I, (518-527 AD),
AE Follis, (35mm, 17.36 g), Antioch mint, rev. large M, cross above,
star to left, crescent to right, (DOC 49, MIBE 59). Some signs of age,
nice big coin, good portrait, Fine. || $40|
Byzantine. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582 A.D. Half Follis.
20mm, 5.8 grams. S 453. Crowned bust facing holding globe and eagle tipped
sceptre/Large XX A/N/N/O to right, RY III, struck 580-581 A.D. Near VF.
Maurice Tiberius. 582-602 A.D. AE Half Follis.
22mm, 4.8 grams. S 497. Helmeted bust facing, holding globe
and cross. Large K, RY X1. Struck 582-583 A.D. aF/F.
Justin II. 565-578. Gold Solidus. (21mm, 4.48
g). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing,
holding globe surmounted by crowning Victory and shield / Constantinopolis
seated facing, head right, holding spear and globus cruciger; Є//CONOB.
DOC 4d; SB 345. VF, areas of flat strike.
The nephew of Justinian,
selected for succession before his uncle's death. Found himself beset by
numerous problems as a result of his predecessor's over ambitious policies and
proved unequal to the task. Within 5 years most of Italy had been lost to
the Lombard invaders & in Spain the Visigoths mounted a successful
counter-offensive. To the East, war with the Persians was inevitable after
Tribute payments were refused. Mental illness caused the Emperor to appoint
Tiberius as Caesar in 574 and Tiberius ruled as regent until 578 when he was
made co-emperor. The Empress Sophia, who is prominent in the coinage of this
period, exercised considerable political influence during her husband's reign.
|Byzantine. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. Gold Solidus. (22mm,
4.47g). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 583/4-602. Helmeted,
draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel
standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus
cruciger; Θ//CONOB. DOC 5i; MIBE 6; SB 478. Good VF, a few peck marks.
Broad flan. ||Sold|
Byzantine. Phocas. 602-610. Gold Solidus
(20mm, 4.48 g). Constantinople
mint, 5th officina. Struck 607-609. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing,
holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff
surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; Є//CONOB. DOC 10e; MIBE
9; SB 620. EF, a bit of die rust.
Phocas was a man of half barbarian descent and
grotesque physical appearance. He reigned in Constantinople for eight years, a
period of complete disaster for the empire due to his persecution of the
aristocracy and civil war. Meanwhile, the frontiers of the empire were
threatened on all sides. The Sassanians were furious at the murder of their
benefactor, Maurice Tiberius & invaded Asia Minor. The Slavs & Avars continued
to flood over the Balkans & the empire seemed close to disintegration. After two
years of rebellion, Phocas was deposed, executed and his statue publicly burnt
in 610 A.D. The Column of Phocas, which still stands in the Roman Forum, is a
testimonial to the peculiar popularity which the tyrant enjoyed in Italy, due to
his orthodox religious policies.
|Heraclius, 610-641. Gold Solidus. (21mm, 4.34 g), Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine. Constantinople
mint, 9th officina. Struck 629-631. Crowned and draped facing busts of
Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine; cross above / Cross potent set on
three steps; Θ//CONOB. DOC 26i; MIB 29; SB 749. VF, some marks.|
of the greatest of all Byzantine leaders and the founder of a
remarkable dynasty, Heraculis came to power when the Empire seemed on
the point of disintergration. The Persians occupied Asia Minor and when
they captured Jersusalam, this was a heavy blow to the Christians.. The
Slavs & Avars continued to ravage the Balkans and even penetrated
to the Greek islands. After much re-organization of Byzantine military
culture, the great counter-offensive began in 622 and after six years
of bitter fighting, with the Emperor often leading his troops in
person, a great change had occurred. The Avars were driven back from
Constantinople and their fleet and army annhilated, the Persians were
utterly defeated and the Sassanian Empire, the great rival of the
Byzantines, lay in ruins. Amidst great rejoicing the Christian cross
was restored to Jerusalam. Heraculis, however, lived to see much of his
work undone, as the closing years of his reign witnessed the first
dynamic expression of Muslim power. Despite some disasters in the later
years of his reign, Heraculis marked a turning point in Byzantine
history and his work laid the foundation of future greatness..
| $750 |
|Byzantine - Constans II with Constantine IV. 641-668. Gold Solidus. |
Constans (as his name was popularly
abbreviated) was born in 630 A.D. and was made co-emperor in 641. In the early
part of his reign the Arabs continued their advance and Egypt was overrun. This
was a great blow to the empire as one of its richest provinces was now
permanently lost. Revolts in North Africa & Italy were put down and Constans
proclaimed his son Constantine, co-emperor in 654. Four years later he achieved
considerable success against the Slavs. Constans eventually removed his
permanent residence to the West, in Syracuse, but his tyrannical behaviour led
to his ultimate assassination in 668, to be succeeded by his son
||Byzantine Empire, 829 - 842 AD. Theophilus, copper follis,
approx 22mm diameter. Sear 1681. Distinctive Syracuse mint, overall, VF.
In contrast to his father, Theophilus was a
highly cultured man with strong iconoclastic beliefs. It was during his reign
that the last persecutions of the iconodules took place, but there were few
supporters left for the once powerful movement than the Emperor and his closest
followers. Conflict with the Arabs continued throughout most of the reign, which
was unfortunate for Theophilus as he was a great admirer of the art and culture
of the Arab world. Theophilus died of dysentery in 842 and was succeeded by his
infant son Michael.
||NUMISMATIC SOCIETY OF SA.
Do you live in or near Adelaide and have an interest in coins, medals or banknotes?
NSSA meets 3rd Thursday of each month in rooms behind the State Library
on Kintore Ave, Adelaide City, from 7.45pm. Small but friendly and
dedicated group of collectors, always welcomes new members and
visitors. Annual subscription cost is very modest. Meeting usually
lasts about 2 hours. Members are encouraged to bring along their items
to discuss. Coin magazines and lists available to peruse. Light supper
provided. More details: call Richard on 08 8165 3446 between midday and
7pm - Monday to Friday.