Roman & Byzantine coins from c220 AD to 1400 AD. 

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THE ROMAN EMPIRE  in the West ended circa 410 AD but lived on as the Byzantine Empire in the East for over another thousand years.  Constantinople was a famous and strategic city.  Many Christian themes appear on later Byzantine coins. 

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Aust $











Licinicus I Follis

Valens AE3

A selection of Cheaper Roman Coins.

  In packets, described.

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Numerian (282-283 AD) Antoninianus VG/F $25  

Maximianus (286-305 AD) Antoninianus, VF/F $25 

Licinius I (308-324AD) Follis, VG/F $30

Crispus (317-326 AD) AE3, Two victories, F/aVF $40 

Constantine II (317-337 AD) AE3, nice portrait VF, $30  

Constantine II, Victory on Prow, light corrosion, Fine $20 

Constans (337-350 AD) AE4, S 3970 gF $25  

Constantius Gallus (351-354 AD) AE4 Fine $20 

Valens (364-378AD) AE 3 Fine $20 

Gratian (375-383 AD) AE3 Fine $20

Theodosius II (378-395AD) AE 4 aVF $25

Arcadius (383-408 AD) AE 4 gF $25

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Click small photo to see larger photo. A selection of single Roman & Byzantine coins, c 220AD-1453AD. $        Aust

Roman Provincial. Phoenicia, Tyre. Diadumenian. As Caesar, AD 217-218.  16mm (5.04 g). Bare head right /Palm Tree. S 3025. Near Fine, scarce ruler.

Born 208 AD, the son of Macrinus and given the rank of Caesar at the age of only 9 years old. He only enjoyed this title for a month or so, after the revolt that overthrew Macrinus, he tried to escape to Parthia, but was captured and executed.
$100 
Rome. Macrinus. AD 217-218. 
Silver Denarius (19mm, 3.40 g). Rome mint. 2nd emission, AD 217-218. Laureate and cuirassed bust right / Felicitas standing left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia. RIC IV 59; Szaivert Series 4; RSC 15a. Good VF, toned, some minor striking weakness on the reverse.

Born of humble parents in Mauretania in A.D 164. Became prefect of the Praetorian guard under Caracalla and was party to the latter's murder. On April 11th 217 he was saluted Augustus by his troops & the elevation was confirmed by the Senate. His army in the East was annihilated by the Parthians & the peace terms were so unfavourable that Macrinus lost most of his popularity. A conspiracy favourable to Elagabalus caused the Syrian army to break into open revolt, in the ensuing struggle Macrinus was defeated & fled to Chalcedon, but was betrayed, captured & put to death after a reign of fourteen months.
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Rome - Elagabalus. 218-222 AD.  Silver Denarius. 18mm, 3.24 grams. Liberalitas standing left, holding abacus. S7521, RSC 79.  Very Fine.

Born 205 AD, first cousin of Caracalla, although it was put around as a rumour that he was the son of Caracalla. The wealth of his grandmother obtained for him the appointment as priest of Elagabalus, a name which he became to be known. Following the defeat of Macrinus, the Senate proclaimed him Emperor. A reign notorious for religious fanatacism, cruelty, bloodshed and excess of every kind. There was general satisfaction amongst the population when in 222, the Praetorian guard mutinied, killing the Emperor and his mother, their bodies being dragged through the streets and thrown into the Tiber.
$100

Rome - Severus Alexander. 222-235 AD.  Silver Denarius. 18mm, 2.61 grams. Laureate bust to right, draped and cuirassed, around IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, rev. P M TR P III COS P P Pax standing to left, holding olive branch and sceptre, (cf.S.7896, RIC 40, RSC 254);  Very Fine.$65

Rome - Severus Alexander. 222-235 AD.  Silver Denarius. 18mm, 2.01 grams. Victory standing left with captive at feet. S7929 RSC 558a. Very Fine.

Born 208 A.D. Adopted by Elagabalus as Caesar in 221 AD. Popular and talented he was, upon the death of Elagabalus, immediately proclaimed Emperor by the Praetorian guard and confirmed by the Senate. He ruled wisely and well, but was beset by frontier troubles, fighting campaigns against the Parthians in the East and the Germans in the West. A band of factious soldiers, instigated by the Thracian savage Maximinus, at that time one of Alexander's guards, slew Alexander and his mother at their camp near Mainz on 22nd March 235 AD.
$75

Rome - Gordian III. 238-244 AD.  Silvered Antoninianus, 20mm, 3.58 grams. Virtus standing right. S8668, RSC 381. Good Very Fine.$75

Rome - Gordian III. 238-244 AD.  Provincial Issue, Moesia Inferior, Dionysopolis, (copper) AE 26. Gordian and Sarapis facing busts, Dionysos reverse. Seaby Greek Imperial 3644. Superior example, gVF/aEF.

Born about 225 A.D. Grandson of Gordian I & nephew of Gordian II. Given the title of Caesar by the joint emperors Balbinus & Pupienus & after their murders was proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian guard. In 242 Gordian set off to the East to direct the Persian campaign in person. His first actions were successful, but the loyalty of the troops was undermined by the Praetorian prefect M. Julius Philippus & Gordian was deposed & murdered in Mesopotamia in 244 A.D.

$150     
Rome - Florian 276 AD.  AE Antoninianus. 21mm, 3.92 grams. Rx Laetitia. Fine and a scarce ruler.

Younger half brother of Tacticus. Head of the Praetorian guard, upon the sudden death of Tacticus, he was proclaimed Emperor , however a threat  arose from Probus, one of Aurelian's most capable generals. Realising that Probus was a superior commander, the troops deserted Florian and killed him. A very short reign of only about three months.
$125

Rome - Maximianus, (A.D. 286-305) AE follis, Siscia mint, issued A.D. 299, (26mm, 9.04 g), obv. laureate head of Maximianus to right, around IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, rev. around GENIO POP VLI ROMANI, Genius standing to left, holding patera and cornucopiae, SIS in exergue, **G* to right, (cf.S.13258, RIC 107b) Fine.$35
Rome - Carausius. 287-293.  AE Antoninianus. 23mm diameter. Reverse, Pax. Seaby 4th Ed 3562. Overall, VF. A scarce and interesting ruler - a usurper in the West.

Originally a general of Maximianus, he was based near Boulogne and ordered to clear the seas of Frankish & Saxon pirates. However, he soon turned to piracy himself, proclaimed himself Emperor and sailed to Britain where he defeated the forces of the Governor & took control of the province. Murdered in 293 A.D. by his chief minister Allectus.

$250     

Rome - Constantius I, as Caesar, (A.D. 305-306) AE folles, issued 304-5, Antioch mint, (26mm, 11.10 g), obv. laureate head to right, around FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, rev. GENIO POPV LI ROMANI, in exergue ANT, Genius standing to left, holding patera and cornucopiae, S in right field, (cf.S.14068, RIC 53a. Very Fine.$50
Rome - Galerius, 305-311AD. As Augustus. AE folles, issued 309-310, Siscia mint, (25mm, 7.20 g), obv. laureate head to right of Galerius, around IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, rev. around GENIO AVGVSTI, Genius Standing left holding patera and cornucopiae, SIS in exergue, crescent to left, A to right, (S.14505, RIC 198a, C.133) Near VF.$45
Rome - Galerius, 305-311AD.  AE Follis, 26mm, 10.2 grams. Genius reverse, Heraclea mint.  Seaby 4th ed 3179. Nice colour and portrait, VF. $65       

Rome - Maximinius. Civil issue of Antioch. Circa 311-312 AD. Quarter Follis (14mm, 1.46 gm)  Tyche turrented and veiled seated facing on rock, river God Orontes below, Rev Apollo standing left holding patera and lyre. (SI 4927) Good Fine.
This type is associated with the persecution of the Christians, an Imperial policy which was soon to be overturned following Constantine's vision of the cross in 312 AD, conversion to Christianity and subsequent Edict of Milan the following year.
$100

ANCIENT ROMAN Bronze & Copper coins, including Maximianus, (A.D. 286-305), AE follis, Siscia mint, (8.25 g), rev. Moneta holding scales and cornucopiae, (RIC 134b); Constantius II, centenionalis; other 3rd-4th century AE of Maximianus, Theodosius, Valentinian, Licinius, Constantine I, etc. Poor - nearly very fine, mostly identifiable. (22 coins in group)$175
Rome - Galeria Valeria, wife of Galerius. Augusta, 308-315 AD. Follis (22mm, 6.87 gm)  Antioch mint. Struck 308/9 AD. Diademed and draped bust right / Venus standing facing, head left, holding up apple over lighted altar, and raising drapery over shoulder; crescent-B//ANT. Cf. RIC VI 107; J.P.C. Kent, "Bronze Coinage under Constantine I," NumChron 1957, 1116. VF, brown surfaces. From the Garth R. Drewry Collection. $225     
Rome - Constantine the Great 307-337 AD.  AE Follis, 27mm. Very Fine.$35
Rome - Licinius. 308-324 AD.  AE Follis, 18mm. Reverse, Sol. Seaby 4th Ed 3806. Sharp detail, gVF. $65       
ROMAN. Imperial. of Helena, wife of Constantine the Great, 324-330 AD.  18mm Follis. Diademed and draped bust right / Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter. From the D. Alighieri Collection.  $75       
Rome, Julian II. AD 360-363. . (26mm, 8.55 g). Antioch mint, 4th officina. Struck AD 361-363. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Bull standing right; two stars above; (palm)ANTΔ(palm). RIC VIII 216; LRBC 2640. VF, dark brown surfaces, some roughness.   $165
Rome - Jovian. 363-364 AD.  AE3, 18mm diameter, reverse R VOT in laurel wreath. Seaby 4th Ed 4087. VF and scarce. $85     
Rome - Valens. 364-378 AD.  Silver Siliqua (18.5mm, 2.11 g, 6h). Antioch mint. Struck AD 367-375. Pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right / VOT/X/MVLT/XX in four lines within wreath; •ANT*. RIC IX 34b.4; RSC 96†h. VF, toned, a few marks under tone. Silver coins from this period are scarce.  $295

Rome, Theodosius I, (A.D. 379-395) AE, Antioch mint, (22mm, 5.25 g), obv. bust right, around D N THEODO SIVS P F AVG, rev. emperor to right, foot on captive, around VIRTVS EXERCITI, ANTB in exergue, (S.20507, RIC 63, C.54). Very fine.$30
ROME, Honorius. AD 393-423. Gold  Solidus.  (21mm, 4.04 g). Constantinople mint. Struck AD 420-422. Pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder and shield / Victory standing left, holding long jeweled cross; CONOB. RIC X 218; DOCLR 74/1. VF, a few light marks and a slight bend in the flan.
Last Western Roman Emperor before the fall of Rome. A weak and ineffectual ruler, spending most of his time at Ravenna, the real power was in the hands of his gifted general Stilicho. When Stilicho was executed in 408 due to a palace intrigue, Rome was helpless before the power of Alaric and the Visigoths and was finally sacked in 410. The ensuing years were a period of recovery for the Western Empire, thanks to the leadership of Constantius III who was raised to the rank of Augustus by Honorius in 421 AD.
   Sold
Click small photo to see larger photo. Byzantine coins - c 491 to 1453 AD $ Aust
Byzantine. Justinian I. 527-565. Gold Solidus.  (20mm, 4.48 g). Constantinople mint, 10th officina. Struck 545-565. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield / Angel standing facing, holding long staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; star to right; I//CONOB. DOC 9j; MIBE 7; SB 140. Near EF. Sold
Byzantine. Justinian I. 527-565. Gold Solidus.  (20mm, 4.46 g).  Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 538-545. D N IVSTINI ANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger and shield decorated with soldier on horseback riding right / VICTORI A AVGGG Ө, Angel standing facing, holding long cross and globus cruciger; star to right; CONOB. DOC 8g; MIBE 6; SB 139. Superb EF, fully lustrous, with only a hint on wear on the highest points. 

Regarded as a "Golden Age" of Byzantine rule, his reign spanned nearly four decades. During this time North Africa was recovered from the Vandals, Italy from the Goths and a foothold was established in Spain. For the last time in history the Mediterranean could rightly be called a Roman lake. These successes were to some extent countered by the expansion of Persian power in the East, to which Justinian was required to pay large sums in Tribute to keep the uneasy peace on the Eastern frontier. At home he was equally active, building the magnificent church of St Sophia which is still one of the prominent landmarks of modern Istanbul and reforming the legal system. This tremendous activity taxed the Empire to the limit of resources and after his death, much of the work of reconquest was quickly undone..

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Byzantine. Justin I, (518-527 AD), AE Follis, (35mm, 17.36 g), Antioch mint, rev. large M, cross above, star to left, crescent to right, (DOC 49, MIBE 59). Fine. $40
Byzantine. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582 A.D. Half Follis. 20mm, 5.8 grams. S 453. Crowned bust facing holding globe and eagle tipped sceptre/Large XX A/N/N/O to right, RY III, struck 580-581 A.D. Near VF. $65    
Byzantine. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602 A.D. AE Half Follis. 22mm, 4.8 grams. S 497. Helmeted bust facing, holding globe and cross. Large K, RY X1. Struck 582-583 A.D. aF/F. $50    
Byzantine. Tiberius II Constantine. 578-582 A.D. AE Decanummium. 17mm, 3.1 grams. S 457. Helmeted bust facing, holding globe and cross. Large X, e beneath. Struck 579-580 Antioch mint, old desert patina, VF. Sold    
Byzantine. Justin II. 565-578. Gold Solidus.  (21mm, 4.48 g). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe surmounted by crowning Victory and shield / Constantinopolis seated facing, head right, holding spear and globus cruciger; Є//CONOB. DOC 4d; SB 345. VF, areas of flat strike.
The nephew of Justinian, selected for succession before his uncle's death. Found himself beset by numerous problems as a result of his predecessor's over ambitious policies and proved unequal to the task. Within 5 years most of Italy had been lost to the Lombard invaders & in Spain the Visigoths mounted a successful counter-offensive. To the East, war with the Persians was inevitable after Tribute payments were refused. Mental illness caused the Emperor to appoint Tiberius as Caesar in 574 and Tiberius ruled as regent until 578 when he was made co-emperor. The Empress Sophia, who is prominent in the coinage of this period, exercised considerable political influence during her husband's reign.
$695  
Byzantine. Maurice Tiberius. 582-602. Gold Solidus. (22mm, 4.47g). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 583/4-602. Helmeted, draped, and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; Θ//CONOB. DOC 5i; MIBE 6; SB 478. Good VF, a few peck marks. Broad flan. $695
Byzantine. Phocas. 602-610. Gold Solidus (20mm, 4.48 g).  Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 607-609. Crowned and cuirassed bust facing, holding globus cruciger / Angel standing facing, holding staff surmounted by staurogram and globus cruciger; Є//CONOB. DOC 10e; MIBE 9; SB 620. EF, a bit of die rust.

Phocas was a man of half barbarian descent and grotesque physical appearance. He reigned in Constantinople for eight years, a period of complete disaster for the empire due to his persecution of the aristocracy and civil war. Meanwhile, the frontiers of the empire were threatened on all sides. The Sassanians were furious at the murder of their benefactor, Maurice Tiberius & invaded Asia Minor. The Slavs & Avars continued to flood over the Balkans & the empire seemed close to disintegration. After two years of rebellion, Phocas was deposed, executed and his statue publicly burnt in 610 A.D. The Column of Phocas, which still stands in the Roman Forum, is a testimonial to the peculiar popularity which the tyrant enjoyed in Italy, due to his orthodox religious policies.

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Heraclius, with Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. 610-641. Gold Solidus.  Gold Solidus (19mm, 4.46g). Constantinople mint, 5th officina. Struck 638/9-641. Heraclonas, Heraclius, and Heraclius Constantine standing facing, each holding globus cruciger / Cross potent set on three steps; monogram to left, A to right; Є//CONOB. DOC 39d; MIB 45; SB 764. EF, struck from a slightly worn obverse die.
 
One of the greatest of all Byzantine leaders and the founder of a remarkable dynasty, Heraculis came to power when the Empire seemed on the point of disintergration. The Persians occupied Asia Minor and when they captured Jersusalam, this was a heavy blow to the Christians.. The Slavs & Avars continued to ravage the Balkans and even penetrated to the Greek islands. After much re-organization of Byzantine military culture, the great counter-offensive began in 622 and after six years of bitter fighting, with the Emperor often leading his troops in person, a great change had occurred. The Avars were driven back from Constantinople and their fleet and army annhilated, the Persians were utterly defeated and the Sassanian Empire, the great rival of the Byzantines, lay in ruins. Amidst great rejoicing the Christian cross was restored to Jerusalam. Heraculis, however, lived to see much of his work undone, as the closing years of his reign witnessed the first dynamic expression of Muslim power. Despite some disasters in the later years of his reign, Heraculis marked a turning point in Byzantine history and his work laid the foundation of future greatness.. 
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Byzantine - Constans II with Constantine IV. 641-668. Gold Solidus.  (20mm, 4.44 g). Constantinople mint, 9th officina. Struck 654-659. Crowned and draped facing busts of Constans and Constantine; cross above / Cross potent set on three steps; Θ//CONOB. DOC 25i; MIB 26; SB 959. Near EF, some roughness on the reverse, a few light marks.
Constans (as his name was popularly abbreviated) was born in 630 A.D. and was made co-emperor in 641. In the early part of his reign the Arabs continued their advance and Egypt was overrun. This was a great blow to the empire as one of its richest provinces was now permanently lost. Revolts in North Africa & Italy were put down and Constans proclaimed his son Constantine, co-emperor in 654. Four years later he achieved considerable success against the Slavs. Constans eventually removed his permanent residence to the West, in Syracuse, but his tyrannical behaviour led to his ultimate assassination in 668, to be succeeded by his son
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Byzantine Empire, 829 - 842 AD.  Theophilus, copper follis,  approx 22mm diameter. Sear  1681.  Distinctive Syracuse mint,  overall, VF.

In contrast to his father, Theophilus was a highly cultured man with strong iconoclastic beliefs. It was during his reign that the last persecutions of the iconodules took place, but there were few supporters left for the once powerful movement than the Emperor and his closest followers. Conflict with the Arabs continued throughout most of the reign, which was unfortunate for Theophilus as he was a great admirer of the art and culture of the Arab world. Theophilus died of dysentery in 842 and was succeeded by his infant son Michael.

$75    
Byzantine Empire, 1023-1028 AD.  Anonymous copper follis,  28mm, 7.39 grams. Quite well struck, gF.Sold
NUMISMATIC SOCIETY OF SA.

Do you live in or near Adelaide and have an interest in coins, medals or banknotes?

The NSSA meets 3rd Thursday of each month in rooms behind the State Library on Kintore Ave, Adelaide City, from 7.45pm. Small but friendly and dedicated group of collectors, always welcomes new members and visitors. Annual subscription cost is very modest. Meeting usually lasts about 2 hours. Members are encouraged to bring along their items to discuss. Coin magazines and lists available to peruse. Light supper provided. More details: call Richard on 08 8165 3446 between midday and 7pm - Monday to Friday.

 

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