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||Rare Dark Ages coinage
of the Huns, Vandals and Goths 480 - 650 AD.
For the not so dark ages, compare the generally crude
European issues of this period to some of the Byzantine gold from the same period
(circa 400-650 AD) listed in the "Later Roman Coins" section of this website.
Municipal Coinage of
Carthage. Circa 491-535 AD. Follis, (23mm, 8.99 gm). INVICTA ROMA/Eagle, Fine and scarce.||$250|| |
Municipal Coinage of
Carthage. Circa 480-523 AD. Æ 4 Nummi (12mm, 1.07 gm). Bust of Carthage
left, holding palm / N IIII. MIB I 20; MEC 1, 51. Near VF, weak strike, brown
patina. From the Dr. Garth R. Drewry
Collection. Ex Wayte Raymond Collection, NASCA (5-7 December 1977), lot 225
Municipal Coinage of Carthage. Circa 480-523 AD. Æ
42 Nummi (25mm, 11.68 gm). Carthage standing facing, holding grain ears, within
laurel wreath / NXLII within laurel wreath. MIB I 17a; MEC 1, 34. Near VF,
strongly contrasting dark green and light brown patina.
From the Dr. Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Harlan
Berk (29 March 1989), lot 406
one hundred years the Vandals controlled a kingdom based approximately in what
had been the Roman province of Africa. This Germanic tribe crossed the frozen
Rhine in AD 406, and proceeded to ravage Gaul, and then Spain in AD 409. Over
the next three decades, the main group splintered into a number of factions, two
of the largest of which settled in Spain. Almost immediately, another Germanic
tribe, the Visigoths, who had also settled in Spain, attacked these factions and
destroyed them, save for a small group that took refuge in Gaul. As Visigothic
Spain became permanently hostile to them, this group, under Gaiseric, crossed
into North Africa at the behest of Count Boniface, a Roman rebel who hoped to
use them against the emperor Valentinian III. Boniface misread the situation,
though, and soon thereafter Gaiseric and his tribesmen sacked Carthage and
overran the surrounding territory. So fierce were Gaiseric’s Vandals that in AD
435, their kingdom was recognized in a treaty with the emperor Valentinian III.
Nonetheless, hostilities continued, and Gaiseric conquered the Balearic Islands,
Sardinia, Corsica, and a portion of Sicily. Most significantly, Gaiseric sacked
Rome in AD 455 and defeated a large expedition sent against him in AD 468.
Gaiseric’s successors, however, were not able to build upon his achievements,
and their kingdom only held out until the Byzantine general Belisarius captured
Carthage in AD 533. Their kingdom was vanquished, and the surviving Vandals were
enslaved or joined into the imperial service.
OSTROGOTHS, Municipal Coinage of Ravenna, Theodoric (A.D. 493-526), AE ten nummi (decanummium)
(15mm, 2.012 grams), obv. bust of Tyche to right, around traces of
legend, FELIX AVENNA, rev. monogram of Ravenna all within wreath, (Hahn
MIB I 72a, Grierson & Blackburn MEC 145-150, BMC 36-38 [Pl.XIV,
10-12]). Light brown patina, good fine, scarce.
OSTROGOTHS. Municipal Issue of Ravenna. Theodoric. 493-526 AD.
Æ 10 Nummi (19mm, 3.21 gm). FELIX RAVENNA, crowned bust of Tyche right / Monogram of Ravenna in wreath; cross above. MIB I 72b; MEC 1, 150. VF, slight roughness. From
the Dr. Garth R. Drewry Collection.
The Ostrogoths were one of a number
of Germanic tribes that ravaged the Roman Empire while under the domination of
the Huns. After the Hunnic kingdom fell in AD 454, the Ostrogoths were settled
in northern Pannonia as foederati. In AD 488, the emperor Zeno called on the
Ostrogothic king, Theodoric, to overthrow Odovacar, who had been ruling Italy
for the emperor, but had recently become an opponent. Theodoric complied, and
hostilities lasted until Odovacar was finally defeated in AD 493. Theodoric was
to rule Italy until the emperor arrived, but Zeno died before this occurred. As
a result, the Ostrogoths established their own kingdom in Italy, under the
authority of the emperor in Constantinople. Over the first thirty years, under
Theodoric and then his grandson, Athalaric, Italy experienced a period of
relative tranquility. The prosperity of the kingdom was shattered in AD 535,
when the Byzantine emperor Justinian I sent his general Belisarius to return
Italy to ‘Roman’ rule. Although Belisarius was on the brink of accomplishing
this goal, Justinian was forced to recall him to lead the imperial forces
against the Persians in the east. Afterward, a quick succession of inept kings
followed, until Baduila ascended the throne in AD 541. A popular king, he
restored most of Italy to the Ostrogoths and sparked a revival of their
fortunes, but was eventually killed in action against the Byzantines at Busta
Gallorum in AD 552. His successor, Theia, died that same year, and only a few
independent pockets of Ostrogothic resistance held out until the last stronghold
was taken in AD 562.
||Dark Ages, Vandals, Gelmir 530-534 AD. AE Nummus, (10mm, 0.80 grams) Carthage
mint. GEIL-AMIR, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right/Gelmir
monogram within wreath, MEC-1 28-30, BMC Vandals 4-6. Near VF, dark
brown patina, lighter highlights. |
From the Giamba collection and ex CNG eSale 235 lot 545 where it sold for over $500.
| $250 || |
|Vandals and Ostrogoths c550 AD. Two coins in group. Two small and rare coins from the Dark Ages. Vandals copper Pentanummium
(1.71g 14mm) Large V within wreath (S337, DOC I 369, BMC Vandals Pl IV
21) Fine. Also Ostrogoths copper nummus, Badulia (541-552AD) (9mm, 0.71
grams) Draped bust right, rev (D)N REX over B in two lines within
wreath, BMC 28-36 PL XI 16-21, MIB I (Pl 41,88, MEC I 164-5) Some age marks to the second coin, Fine and
rare, from the Elivira Elisa Clain-Stefanelli collection.|| $150 || |
||VISIGOTHS, Spain. Sisebut.
AD. AV (Gold) Tremissis (18mm, 1.50 g). Toledo mint. +SISEBVTVS REX, facing bust /
+TOLETO PIVS (S horizontal), facing bust. Miles, Visigoths, 183a; cf. MEC
1, 234. gVF & Rare Dark Ages gold coinage.
The Visigoths were one of many Germanic tribes invaded the
Roman Empire in the fourth century AD. Their early period is most notable for
their defeat of the emperor Valens at Adrianople in AD 378 and their sacking of
Rome under Alaric in AD 410. Alaric’s successor, Athaulf, led the Visigoths into
Gaul and Spain, where they subsequently fought against the Vandals and Suevi for
the emperor Honorius. Honorius rewarded them, in AD 417, with his permission to
settle as foederati in western Aquitaine. Over the following half-century, the
Visigoths rendered relatively faithful service for the empire, until their king
Euric conquered much of Gaul and established an independent kingdom. This
kingdom was quickly squashed in AD 507 by the Franks under Clovis, and the
center of Visigothic power moved to Spain, where it flourished and took hold.
The majority of the later kings were relatively weak and ineffectual. A few
exceptions were the following: Leovigild, an outstanding military and political
leader whose long reign (AD 568-586) ushered in the royal line that continued
until the end; Reccared, who officially abandoned Arianism for Catholicism; and
Sisebut and Swinthila, whose efforts led to the final conquest of Byzantine
possessions in Spain. By AD 711, the decentralizing of power in Visigothic Spain
had left the kingdom weak in the face of the invading Arabs, who defeated
Roderick, the last Visigothic king. Another Visigothic leader, Achila II,
continued to rule in Septimania, but he was also killed by the Arabs in AD 714.
Click small photo to see bigger photo.
||Early & Middle period Anglo Saxon coinage. c650-860AD.
Continental (Frisian). Circa 695-740. Silver Light Sceatta (10mm, 0.88 gm). Continental series
D, type 2c. Bust with runes / Cross with pellets. Cf. Metcalf 169 (heavy); cf
North 11; cf. SCBC 839. Toned VF.
Continental . Circa 695-740.
Sceatta (11.81mm, 1 gm). Continental series E, type A. For many
years considered a porcupine design, now thought to be diademded head/
TOTll in design. S 790A. Toned VF.|
almost two centuries following the end of Roman domination in the early fifth
century AD, Britain was virtually devoid of coinage, though remnants of the
Roman coinage and its imitations ('barbarous radiates') continued to be used in
isolated exchanges. The use of coinage was re-introduced in the mid-sixth
century as trade between the Anglo-Saxons and the Merovingians grew. The British
silver sceatta paralleled the Merovingian silver units both in weight and size,
as well as its use of iconography. As the sceattas and their Merovingian
counterparts were mostly devoid of any readable legends, the iconography used
was important in identifying the source of the coinage. This was imperative in
trade, so that the parties involved would be able to recognize the coinage as a
legitimate and valuable commodity. The importance of recognizable iconography is
reflected by both the adoption of standardized types and the existence of
forgeries and imitations copying the types used. So robust was the economy in
Britain that over one hundred individual types were used on the sceattas. While
the issuers of some of these coins are certainly royal authorities, the source
of most are as yet unknown, although many can be assigned to a particular region
and time frame. Modern studies of the sceattas have shown three phases of
production. Primary, intermediate, and secondary, which are further divided into
series, and then types within each series. The primary phase, circa 680-710, is
comprised of the earliest series of sceattas, and these series are mostly placed
in southeast Britain and Northumbria. The intermediate phase, from circa
710-720, is characterized by a huge influx of foreign sceattas into Britain,
which precipitated the vast amount of British coinage developed in the
subsequent secondary phase, circa 710-760. Sceattas that have a foreign origin,
but that are commonly found in Britain, are classified as 'Continental' sceattas.
The sceatta remained the silver unit in the British monetary system until Offa's
reform in the mid-late 700s, which was also influenced by events in France - a
similar reform of Pépin le Bref (the Short) in the 750s. The sole exception was
the kingdom of Northumbria, whose relatively isolated economy, unaffected by the
reform, continued to use sceattas until the mid- to late- ninth century, when
the kingdom was overrun by the Vikings
| $195 || |
||FRANCE - CAROLINGIANS. Charles le Chauve (the Bald). As
Charles II, King of West Francia, 840-877. AR Denier (20mm, 1.61 g,
12h). Saint-Denis mint. Struck 864-875. +GRATIA D-I REX, Karolus
monogram / +SCI DIONVSSII M, cross. Depeyrot 896; M&G 843; MEC 1,
897. EF, toned, slight die shift.
Beginning as “mayors of
the palace” under the preceding Merovingian kings, the Carolingians became kings
of the Franks in their own right, and, under Charlemagne (AD 768-814),
reestablished an emperor in the West. Although the dynasty’s name is derived
from Charles Martel, who defeated the Moors at the Battle of Tours in AD 732,
its founder was Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz and the first of the “mayors of the
palace” at the Merovingian court. In AD 751, Pépin le Bref (the Short) removed
the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, and was declared king in his own
right. But it was Pépin’s son, Charlemagne, who expanded Carolingian power to
its greatest extent. Attempting to create an emperor in the west as a
counterbalance to the Byzantine Empire, the Pope crowned Charlemagne as Emperor
of the Romans on Christmas Day, AD 800. From this beginning, the Holy Roman
Empire would be formed and the title which would continue to be held by its
rulers until 1806.
Upon Charlemagne’s death in AD 840, the division of the kingdom among his three
sons, Lothar, Louis the German, and Charles the Bald, signaled the end of
Carolingian unity. Civil war broke out among the three heirs, and at the
resolution achieved with the Treaty of Verdun in AD 843, the empire was split
into three regions: West Francia, Middle Francia, and East Francia. The western
portion became the nucleus of later France, which eventually the Capetian kings
would rule. East Francia became Germany and the Holy Roman Empire; the
Carolingians who ruled there until AD 911 were succeeded by a Saxon dynasty,
commonly referred to as the Ottonians, who consciously modeled themselves as
Carolingian successors. Middle Francia, the weakest of the three, was soon
divided and absorbed by both West and East Francia.
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Eanbald II. 796-835
AD. AE Styca, (12mm, 1.1 g). S 861. Small central cross, legends around, moneyer Ethelweard. Fine.||$150|| |
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Eanred. 810-841
AD. AE Styca, (12mm, 1.1 g). S 860. Small central cross, legends
around, moneyer Eadwini. Fine/VF. ||$175|| |
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Archbishop Wigmund. 837-850
AD. AE Styca, (12mm, 1.1 g). S 870. Small central cross, legends
around, moneyer Ethelweard. Fine. ||$120|| |
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Aethelred II. 843-850
AD. AE Styca, (11mm, 0.8 g). S 868. Small central cross, legends
around, Moneyer Eardwulf. Nice grade, VF. ||$165|| |
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Redwulf. 843-844
AD. AE Styca, (11mm, 0.8 g). S 867. Small central cross, legends
around, Moneyer Eardwulf. Nice grade, VF. ||$175|| |
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Civil War period. 843-855
AD. AE Styca, (11mm, 0.8 g). S 872. Small central cross, legends
around, VF. ||$100|| |
|Click small photo to see larger photo.||Later Anglo-Saxon period. England, Kings of Wessex and Kings of All England 871AD-1066AD.|| $|| Aust|
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Alfred the Great. 871-899 AD. Silver Penny
(20mm, 1.58 g). Two Line type. Dudig,
moneyer. Struck circa 880-899. +ÆLFRED RE, around cross / DVDIG MON , in two
lines, pellet flanked by crosses between. SCBI -; BMC 265-266; North 637; SCBC
1066. Good VF, lightly toned, minor striking weakness, very rare.|
had to contend with invading Danish armies for most of his reign. In
878 Alfred and Guthrum the Dane, divided the country, with Alfred
holding all England south & west of Watling Street. Alfred occupied
London in 886 A.D.
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Edward the Elder. 899-924. Silver Penny.
(21mm, 1.59 g). Circumscription cross/Horizontal (HCT1) type (BMC ii).
Wessex dies; Deordwald, moneyer. Early II period, circa 900-910. +
EADVVEARD REX, small cross pattée / DEORV/VALD MO in two lines; cross
above, three crosses between, trefoil below. CTCE 143(i) var. (HCT1);
SCBI 30 (American), 321; BMC 31; North 649; SCBC 1087. Good VF, toned,
rare. ||Sold|| |
||VIKINGS in England, Danelaw (York). Hunedeus & Cnut. Circa
900-905. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.33 g). Cunnetti type. York mint.
Patriarchal cross; C N V T and R E X at end of limbs; pellet in each
quarter of lower cross / + CVN ·:· NET ·:· TI ·:·, small cross pattée;
pellet in first and fourth quarters. L&S class IIe; SCBI 29
(Merseyside) 341 (same dies); North 501; SCBC 993. Good VF,
William C. Boyd Collection (Baldwin’s 42, 26 September 2005), lot 773,
with his original ticket; purchased from Devine, July 1896, a 100+ year old provenance and most likely from the Cuerdale hoard.
The Cuerdale Hoard was discovered by workmen on the banks
of the river Ribble near Preston, Lancashire on May 15th, 1840. Consisting of
around a 1,000 ozs of silver ingots and over 7,000 coins, it is still today the
largest hoard of Viking silver ever found in the British Isles, and the largest
in Europe outside of Russia. The majority of the hoard was seized by the
landowner's bailiff; the laborers were allowed to retain one coin each for
themselves. It was declared Treasure Trove at an inquest on 15 August 1840, the
property of Queen Victoria in right of her Duchy of Lancaster; the Duchy then
passed it to the British Museum for examination prior to its distribution to
over 170 recipients. The lion's share, however, was allocated to the British
Museum. Buried in a lead chest around A.D. 905 - 910, the coins
reflected the trading and cultural contacts of the Vikings who once owned the
treasure. In addition to c.5000 coins of the Viking Kingdoms of
York and East Anglia, there were c.1000 Anglo-Saxon issues, c.1000 Carolingian
issues and a handful of Kufic, early Scandinavian and 1 Byzantine
The reasons for it's burial and moreover it's
non-recovery will never be exactly known. However, its find spot may provide the
best clue. Cuerdale is located at the start of an overland route from York to
the Irish Sea and from there on to Dublin. We know from historical sources that
the Vikings were expelled from Dublin A.D. 902 and it has been speculated that
was deposited during their flight and subsequently not recovered. Whatever the
exact reason there is a strong Irish dimension to the hoard from both its
location and from some of the silver jewelry in the hoard.
Stewart have suggested that the enigmatic legend 'CVNNETTI" maybe a Latinized
rendering of Hunedeus, an historically attested Viking leader, who held power at
York with the otherwise unknown Cnut (BAR 180, p.348).
||FRANCE, Provincial, Normandie. Richard I Sans Peur (the Fearless) 943-966, Great Granfather of William the Conquerer. |
Silver Denier (20mm, 1.36 g). Roeun mint. Cross pattée with
pellet in each quarter / Temple façade; in center, cross of Saint André with
pellet in each quarter. Dumas pl. XV, 10. Bright, Good VF.
Richard was the son of William I Longsword and grandson of the Viking chieftain
Rollo, the founder of the duchy. He was a child when his father was murdered by
Arnulf of Flanders in 942, and was nearly killed soon thereafter, when the
Carolingian king of France, Louis IV d'Otremer, invaded Normandie with Hughes le
Grand, count of Paris. He faced another crisis when Louis' successor, Lothaire,
invaded with the counts of Anjou, Blois-Chartres, and Flanders in the 960s.
Richard made peace with his neighbors at Gisors in 965, and thereafter
concentrated on solidifying his rule in Normandy by making family alliances with
the various Scandinavian tribes in the region. He also gained ecclesiastical
support by promoting Christianity and rebuilding a number of churches. Richard
was first married to Emma, daughter of Hughes le Grand, but she died young and
childless. He had a number of children with his second wife, Gunnor, including
his heir, Richard II le Bon, and Emma of Normandy. Through Emma's marriage to
two kings of England, Aethelred II the Unready and Cnut the Great, Richard was
grandfather of the English kings Harthacnute and Edward the Confessor. Through
his son, Richard II, Richard was the great-grandfather of William 'the Conqueror'.
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Aethelred II . 978-1016. Silver Penny.
(20mm, 1.66 g). Long cross type(BMC IVa, Hild. D) London mint, Wulfwine moneyer, struck circa 997-1003. |
ÆÐELRÆD REX Λ(NG)LΘ’, draped bust
left; pellet behind neck / + PVLFPINE M°Θ LVND, voided long cross with pellet in
center and triple crescent ends. SCBI 7 (Copenhagen) 973 (same dies); BMC 264
var. (rev. legend); North 774; SCBC 1151. Good VF, lightly toned.
Æthelred II succeeded to the throne at the age of ten after the murder
of his half-brother, Edward the Martyr. His was a long reign, which in
modern times has been notable for little other than the payment of the
Danegeld, an attempt to buy off the Viking invaders with money. This
policy had been employed by Edward the Elder and Alfred the Great, but
both these rulers had used the respite from attack to build their
forces for renewed conflict, while Æthelred seems to have squandered
the opportunity. The leading men of the country, some of whom were of
Anglo-Danish descent, saw in him an irresolute ruler and withheld their
support; this further weakened his position. In 991 AD a vast force of
Scandinavians assembled to attempt the extraction of wealth from
England; the English resistance was spirited but unsuccessful, and
the decision was taken to pay the Danegeld; ever larger armies demanded
ever more money, and Æthelred's kingdom was soon paying for its own
destruction. This forced Æthelred to abandon his throne in 1013 and
flee to Normandy where his wife, Emma, had kin. The death of Svein
Forkbeard in 1014 prompted his recall although he died two years later.
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Cnut. 1016-1035. Silver Penny
(19mm, 1.04 g).|
Helmet type (1024-30), AELPINC ON PINCE (Winchester)(S.1158; North 787) Toned, Very Fine.
Svenson (also known as Canute or Cnut) attempted to seize the English
throne on the death of Æthelred; for several years he contended with
Edmund Ironside, until the latter's death. Cnut was initially unpopular
due to the fear that he would tax England excessively and use English
warriors in his Scandinavian campaigns, but he was careful to support
the church and behave like an English king, and his reign was marked by
prosperity and relative harmony based on military strength. Cnut
married Æthelred's widow, Emma, and purged the English nobility of its
disloyal and self-serving members, such as Eadric Streona of Mercia,
and paid off his invasion force. The almost two decades of Cnut's reign
marked a shift in English attitudes, as Cnut was king of England,
Denmark and Norway; he ruled over a North Sea Empire. At his death, he
was buried in Winchester Cathedral.
|ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harold I Harefoot. 1035-1040. Silver Penny. (18mm,
1.11 g). Jewel Cross type (BMC i, Hild. A). Lincoln mint; Godric,
moneyer. Struck 1036-1038. + HAR OLD REX, diademed bust left / + GODRIC
ON LINCOL, cross composed of four ovals united at base by two
concentric circles enclosing a pellet. Mossop pl. LVII, 28 (dies B/c –
this coin); SCBI 18 (Copenhagen), 214 (same rev. die); Hild. 385; BMC
-; North 802; SCBC 1163. Good VF, toned. Well struck. Rare. Mossop
Plate Coin. Ex Albert Henry Frederick ‘Fred’ (A. H. F.) Baldwin
Collection, acquired from his father, Albert Henry (A.H.) Baldwin
(includes his original stock ticket). ||$2750|| |
|ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harthacnut. 1035-1042. Silver
Penny (18mm, 1.04 g). Danish type. Lund mint; Thorketill, moneyer.
Struck circa 1040-1042. × NΛR•ECNV, draped bust left; shield to right /
+ ĐO RCE TL ON • LD, voided long cross with triple-crescent ends,
pellet at center. Becker, Coinages,
dies H38/203; SCBC 1170; CNG 91, lot 1478 var. (moneyer; same obv.
die). VF, toned, peck mark in fourth quarter, obverse struck with
slightly worn die. Rare. |
Spink Numismatic Circular LXXXI.7 (July-August 1973), no. 5947, Richard
Cyril Lockett Collection (Part 3, Glendining, 29 February 1956), lot
577; Ernest Henry Wheeler Collection (Sotheby & Co., 12 March
1930), lot 97.
|IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse. Mid
11th century. Silver Penny (18mm, 0.96 g). Phase III coinage. Difelin
(Dublin) mint signature; ‘Faeremin,’ moneyer. Struck circa
1035-1055/60. Draped bust left; two pellets before, small cross pattée
behind / Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; ‘hand’ in second
and fourth quarters. SCBC 6132. Good VF, toned.||$1750|| |
||ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor. 1042-1066 AD. Silver Penny
(17mm, 1.10 g). S 1183. Facing bust/small cross type, moneyer Leofstan. Decent portrait, toned, Very Fine.||$695|| |
|Click small photo to see larger photo.||Normans & Plantagenets. 1066-1485.|| $|| Aust|
||NORMAN ENGLAND. William I The Conqueror.
1066-1087. Silver Penny (20mm, 1.37
PAXS type, IELFRIED ON LII (London)(BMC 761)(S.1254). Good fine.
||NORMAN ENGLAND. William II Rufus.
1087-1100. Silver Penny (20mm, 1.31
g). Cross in Quatrefoil type (BMC II). Chichester mint;
Edwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1089-1092. +PILLELM REX, crowned bust right,
holding sword / +EDP[I]NE ON CICST, cross pattée within quatrefoil with pellets
in angles. King 178 var. (CICEST); North 852; Seaby 1259. Good VF,
toned, typical areas of flat strike. Very Rare.
NORMAN ENGLAND. Henry I. 1100-1135.
(19mm, 1.43 g). Quadrilateral on
cross fleury type (BMC xv). Oxford mint; Radulf, moneyer. Struck circa
1125-1135. [+h]ENRIC[VS:], crowned bust facing slightly left, holding scepter
with lis terminal / + RAPV[LF: O]N: O[XENN:], quadrilateral on cross fleury.
SCBI -; BMC 286 (same dies); North 871; SCBC 1276. Good VF, toned, strong portrait.|
Ex Spink 170 (6 October 2004), lot 449; Pimprez (2002) Hoard.
The Pimprez hoard was deposited c.1140 and
consisted of 569 silver coins and 12 silver ingots. The hoard was discovered by
chance in 2002 in the grounds of a house in the small town of Pimprez
(pronounced 'pamprey') (Oise), near Beauvais, 50km to the north of Paris.
During the 12th century a House of the Knights Templers was located in the town.
The reason for the hoards concealment and perhaps more interestingly its
non-recovery is not known. However, the unusual mix of coins from England, the
Low Countries and Switzerland would suggest an individual or organization with
strong multinational links.
The hoard was officially declared to the French
authorities and was studied by Bibliotheque Nationale de France before
being released for sale on the open market. All of the coins in the hoard are of
| $1500 || |
NORMAN ENGLAND. Stephen. 1135-1154.
(22mm, 1.40 g). Cross moline (Watford) type. Thetford mint; Rodbert moneyer. Struck
circa 1135-1141. +STIEFN[E R:], crowned bust right, holding scepter /cross moline; lis in angles. Seaby 1278.
Excellent portrait for this crude issue, VF for type, struck on a huge flan for
issue, which somehow missed the clippers, light toning.
When Henry I died in 1135 he desired his daughter Matilda
(or Maud), married to the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, to succeed him. But
Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois, Count of Boulogne, was the quickest to react to
news of the king's death and crossed the Channel to claim the throne. Matilda
rallied her own supporters and landed in England in 1139, sparking a 15 year
civil war, the Period of Anarchy. During this period many of the contesting
nobles struck coins in their own names. Matilda's uncle, king David of Scotland
invaded northern England in her support, but was defeated by Stephen at the
'Battle of the Standard" in 1138. To avert further hostilities, Stephen agreed
to name David's son Henry Earl of Northumberland, and left the north under
nominal Scottish control. Stephen was captured in 1141, but his supporters
continued the conflict. In 1153 when Eustace, Stephen's son and heir designate
died, the two sides reached an agreement to end the conflict. Stephen would
retain his kingdom for life and in return adopt Matilda's son, Henry Plantagenet
as the new heir.
NORMAN ENGLAND. Stephen. 1135-1154.
(20mm, 1.14 g). Cross moline (Watford) type. Cantebury mint; Willem of Cantebury moneyer. Struck
circa 1136-1145. +STIEFN[NE REX:], crowned bust right, holding scepter /cross moline; lis in angles. Seaby 1278.
VF. Excellent portrait for this type of issue. Ex Prestwich Hoard, 1971 with ticket.||$1150|| |
ENGLAND. Henry II. 1154-1189.
(18mm, 1.46 grams) Short cross type, Seaby 1345. Usual condition for type, Fine and scarce.||$125|| |
FRANCE, Melgueil. Bishops of Maguelonne.
11th-13th century. AR Denier (19mm, 0.96 gm). Cross with arms in the shape of a
bishop's mitre; pellet in one quarter / Four annulets with pellet in center.
Poey d'Avant 3842; Boudeau 753; Roberts 4336. Good VF, attractive tone.
|ANGLO-GALLIC. Richard I
1189-1199. Silver Denier or Penny, 18mm, Aquantine
(France) mint. Attractive old grey tone, VF.
Invested with Aquitaine in 1169 by Henry II, Richard soon
tried to exert real authority over his territory against the wishes of the king.
Though the rebellious Richard was nevertheless forced to capitulate, swearing
renewed loyalty to his father and in 1185 forced to formally surrender his
province to his mother, the lawful duchess, he nevertheless remained de facto
ruler throughout the rest of the reign of Henry II. During this period, those
deniers and oboles with the obverse legend RICARDVS were struck.
As king of England, Richard I spent only about six months of his reign in
England; for the rest of the time he was engaged in foreign wars. In 1190 he
departed for the east as one of the leaders of the Third Crusade. To pay for
this enterprise Richard auctioned off all that he could: land, towns, castles,
and even offices. The quote attributed to him, "I would have sold London itself,
if I could have found a buyer" accurately reflected his great need for funds to
carry out the crusade. None of his territories were exempt in contributing. The
large number of billon deniers and oboles of Aquitaine struck during this time,
bearing the obverse legend RICARDVS REX, demonstrate how desperate Richard was
for ready cash.
His crushing of an attempted coup by John, and his sporadic wars with
Philip II drained the royal treasury and only deepened Richard’s
desperation for money. His unpaid mercenaries wreaked havoc throughout
the countryside, and Normandy was on the brink of rebellion from the
excessive taxation. Richard, though, casually dismissed such penury
with a frivolous song, Savies qu’a Chinon non a argent ni denier
(Chinon, you know, has no silver nor denier).
It was this great need for money that brought about Richard’s death. A peasant
discovered a hoard of gold statuettes and coins at Châlus in Limousin, one of
Richard’s territories. As that region’s liege-lord, Richard declared it his, and
demanded it sent to him. When Richard’s vassal, the local viscount, proposed an
unacceptable solution (in effect, he refused to hand it over straightaway to the
king), and held it in his castle for safe-keeping, the enraged Richard laid
siege to the castle. In the course of checking the progress of the siege one
evening, Richard, at that time not in full armor, was struck in the shoulder by
a crossbow bolt. Though not initially a mortal wound, the resulting
complications from the bolt’s extraction proved fatal.
||SCOTLAND. Alexander III. 1249-1286.
(19mm, 1.38 g). Second coinage, class Mb2. Struck circa 1280-1286.
+ALEXANDER DEI GRA (ND ligate), crowned head left (hair punch h); scepter to
left / REX SCO TOR VM+, long cross; 24 points on mullets in quarters. Burns 45
(fig. 179) ; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 231; SCBC 5054. VF, toned.
of Tripoli. Bohémond VII.
Silver Gros (26mm, 4.18 g). + SEPTINVS BOENVNDVS
CONES (Ns for Ms are retrograde), cross pattée in tressure of twelve arcs / +
CIVITAS TRIPOLIS SVRIE, triple-towered gateway within tressure of twelve arcs.
Metcalf, Crusades 497-9; CCS 26. Near EF. Excellent metal.
||SPAIN, Castile and León. Ferdinand IV, the
Summoned (el Emplazado). 1295-1312.
AR Pepion (20mm, 0.77 gm)
Toledo mint. +F REGIS CASTELLE, castle with three towers; T below / +ET LEGIONIS,
lion walking left. ME 1166; Burgos 267A. Good VF.
|GERMANY, Lindau. Anonymous issues. 1295-1335. Silver Bracteate Pfennig.
(20mm, 0.36 g). Cross above floral display / Incuse of obverse. Bonhoff 1831.
VF, toned. || $125 || |
||Across Europe, in Medieval times, coins
had a standard weight and denomination & could be traded in many
countries. The penny and groat had their contemporaries elsewhere in Europe.
Groat comes from the French "Gros"
Sicily, 15th century, Frederick
Carlino or Groat, about 23mm, 3.3g showing eagle and shield. Bright metal, strong detail, near VF.
||BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Sisman.
Silver Half Grosh (14mm, 0.48 g). Type IV. Turnovo mint. Half-length
facing bust of the Theotokos, ,i>orans, facing bust of Holy Infant on breast;
[M] Q flanking / Ivan standing facing, holding
scepter; W to left, W/monogram to right. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.11; Youroukova &
Penchev 127. Good VF, attractively toned.
LANCASTER. Henry V. 1413-1422. Silver Groat.
(24mm, 3.68 g). Class C. London mint; im: pierced cross with pellet. hЄnRIC
· DI · GRΛ · RЄX · ΛnGLIЄ · Z · FRΛnC (saltire
stops), crowned bust facing within tressure of nine arches; trefoils at
points, mullet on left breast / POSVI · DЄVm · Λ DIVTOR Є'
· mЄVm/CIVI TΛS : LOn DOn : (saltire and double saltire stops),
long cross pattée, with trefoils in each angle. Potter class VIb; North
1387a; SCBC 1765. Good VF, rare. Exceptional strike for issue.
FRANCE. Charles VII. 1422-1461.
AV Écu d'or à couronne (28mm, 3.32 gm). Saint Quentin mint. Crowned
royal coat-of-arms, crowned lis on either side / floreate cross in quadrilobe
with crowns. Pellets under 17th letters. Duplessy 511A; Ciani 634. Near VF,
short flan crack. Initial mark not struck up.
||ENGLAND. Henry VI. (1422-1461)
Silver Half Groat. Series C, London Mint, 1422-27, pre-treaty
(s1840) Numerous contacts, still with attractive portrait & colour, Fine.
||ENGLAND. Henry VI. (1422-1461)
Silver Half Groat. Series C, London Mint, 1422-27, pre-treaty
(s 1840) Slightly wavy flan, with attractive portrait & dark antique colour, Fine.
The only son and heir of Henry V and
Catherine de Valois, and the grandson and heir of Charles VI of France, Henry
VI was a person in whom many great expectations were invested, but who,
because of his age and mental ill-health, not only precipitated the onset of
the so-called “Wars of the Roses”, but also reinvigorated French
confidence in the Hundred Years War through English mismanagement and the
appearance of Jeanne d’Arc. Henry VI became king in 1422 with the sudden
death of his father, a baby of only nine months. During the king’s minority,
a tripartite regency was established, made up of the king’s uncles. By 1424,
however, factionalism between the regents began to arise, so that by 1429 when
Henry VI achieved his majority, many of the successes of Henry V in France
||ENGLAND, Henry VI,
first reign, 1422-61.
Silver groat, London Mint, mm cross, Seaby 1835. Beautiful steel blue patina and well struck for issue, gVF.||Sold|| |
||ENGLAND, Edward IV,
1461-70. Groat, light
coinage 26mm and 2.93 grams. S 2000. London mint. A lovely example, toned gVF. Excellent type coin.
||SPAIN. Fernando V and Isabel I (Los Reyes
AR Real (26mm, 3.38 g). Seville mint. +FERNAND[VS ET] ELISABE[T
D]E (annulet), crowned royal coat-of-arms / +REX (annulet) ET REGIN
(annulet) CASTELE (annulet) LE[GIO]N ARA , yoke and bundle of six
arrows; to right, S. Cf. ME 2561; cf. Calicó & Trigo 283; Fine,
Time of Christopher Columbus.
|Click small photo to see larger photo.||The Tudor Dynasty 1485 to 1603.|| $|| Aust.|
||FRANCE, Lorraine (duché).
Antoine le Bon (the
Good). 1508-1544. Billon Sol de guerre (20mm, 1.07 g.). Nancy
mint. Crowned coat-of-arms / Sword. De Saulcy pl. XIV, 14; Roberts 9437. gF/VF,
|ENGLAND. Edward VI
Base Silver Shilling. 1549-1550.
3rd issue bust, Y mintmark, Seaby 2466B. Usual crude strike,
excellent portrait for this type of issue and scarce.||$650|| |
|ENGLAND. Edward VI Silver Shilling. 1551-1553. |
Fine silver issue, Seaby 2482. Even wear, VG, scarce ruler.
|ENGLAND. Mary Silver Groat. 1553-1554. Seaby 2492. MM Pomegranate. Small obv dent, good portrait, gF and a scarce ruler.||$295|| |
IRELAND. Philip & Mary 1557 Base silver Groat. Mintmark
Rose. S 6501B. 2.37 grams. Reverse: Harp. Usual variable strike, with decent
portraits, Fine or better and scarce.
SCOTLAND. 1567 James VI Silver Sword Dollar.
29.97 grams, 39mm. Seaby 5472. Counter- marked with crowned thistle in 1568 to raise the value from 32/6d to
36/9d. Toned, weak in places as usual, otherwise near VF and rare.
Ex Alan Jordan collection, Noble Numismatics sale 103, Lot 1981. August 2013.|| $1500 || |
SCOTLAND. 1567 James VI Silver Sword Dollar.
30 grams, 39mm, Seaby 5472. Counter- marked with crowned thistle in 1568 to raise the value from 32/6d to
36/9d. An exceptionally nice example and rare this grade, gVF.
Ex Baldwins with their ticket, ex Colonial coins sale 13.
ELIZABETH I, 1558-1603. One
Testern, Portcullis Money. Silver. S
2607d, 3.19 grams, approx 24mm. Features portcullis or castle gate/royal coat of
arms, old tone, gVF and very rare.
Portcullis Money, issued by the Tower Mint during 1600-1601 for the first voyage
of the Incorporated Company of London trading into the East Indies. The series
was issued in denominations of 8,4,2 and 1 testerns, which corresponded to the
size and weight of current Spanish 8, 4, 2 and 1 reale silver coins. The
English coins were not a success, partly because they were too well made in
comparison with the Spanish types of the period and were treated with suspicion.
Such an iconic trade coin as England, or Great Britain as it was fast becoming,
reached out to the New World.... One of only 37 such coins known to exist, 22 of
which are in private hands. A similar, slightly better one sold for $31,000 +
16.5% buyers commission (total of $36115) at Nobles Melbourne Sale 85B, July
2007, lot 1630.
Ex Seaby Coin Bulletin, Dec 1961, ex Llyod Bennett, ex Guy Newson.
Pre - James I Gold coin weight in lead. Scarce!! Value of 16/6d.
With crown, value and castle counter - stamp. Reverse shows intricate coat of
arms. W 400. Some stains, sharp detail, overall VF and an interesting addition to your gold coin
|Click small photo to see larger photo.||The House of Stuart & The Commonwealth of England. 1604 - c1690.|| $ || Aust|
||ENGLAND. James I.
Coin weight for Ryal (30/-) 18mm, struck one side only or uniface, Fine and scarce.
||ENGLAND. James I
weight in brass. Crown and
value XXII for 22/-. W796. Also has portrait of James I. Well
used, grades VG/G. Interesting.
||ENGLAND. James I
1603-1625 Silver half groat. 0.70 grams, 15mm. S 2659. Decent detail remains, Fine.||$65|| |
||ENGLAND. James I
1603-1625 Silver sixpence dated 1603. 3.02 grams, 25mm. S 2648. MM Thistle. Even wear, visible date & portrait, G/VG.||$75|| |
SCOTLAND. James VI (I of England). 1603-1625. AR Sixty Shillings (44mm, 30.15 g). Ninth
coinage, 1604-1609. Edinburgh mint; mm: thistle. King riding right on
caparisoned horse; thistle on drapery; thistle mm / Coat-of-arms; English arms
in 1st and 4th quarters, Burns 1 (figure 972); SCBI 35 (Ashmolean), 1360-1362 (same dies); SCBC 5501. VF,
toned, some strike doubling on reverse, otherwise a lovely example & rare.
Charles I. Pattern Silver Shilling 1628 by
Obv. Crowned shield within in
collar of the Order of the Thistle, all within the Garter. R. Sceptre and
trident in saltire, mm: rose and dated 1628. Some
cabinet rubbing etc, VF, with old violet tone and rare.
||ENGLAND. Charles I 1625-1649. Silver Shilling. 29mm, 5.59 grams. Even wear, G/VG.
||ENGLAND. Charles I 1625-1649. Silver Shilling. 30mm, 5.88 grams. Good Fine.
Commonwealth Half Crown.
S 3215. 15 grams, 35mm. Cross of St George. Mintmark: sun. Antique tone, Fine for type.|| $795 || |
|| ENGLAND. Charles II Silver Half Crown,
1660-62. Seaby 3321. Usual soft obverse strike, full flan and old appearance, Fine or better for issue
Salzburg, 1667, Silver Thaler
(Crown size, 40mm) Shows Madonna and Child.
Lovely old violet tone, grades gF/aVF.
|ENGLAND. SUFFOLK, Woodbridge, Henry Stebbing, halfpenny, 20mm, 1667 (Bird) (W.361 in copper). Very fine and scarce.||Sold|| |
|IRELAND. James II. Jan 1689 Sixpence. A scarce denomination; Gun Money is mostly shillings & 1/2 crowns, ERA instead of FRA error in the engraving, gF.||$135|| |
||IRELAND. James II. May 1689
Half Crown. Worn grade, but with a clear portrait, Good.
Gun Money was made from scrap
metal and cannon by
James II whilst in exile in
Ireland in 1689-1690. Was to be redeemed for silver when James re-took the
throne of England. Alas for the holders of this coinage, that never happened.
||GERMANY, Brunswick-Luneburg, Calenberg, 1698. Silver 2/3 Thaler (35mm, 13g). "Wild man" design. Krause #378. VF, toned.||$250 || |
|NUMISMATIC SOCIETY OF SA.|
Do you live in or near Adelaide and have an interest in coins, medals or banknotes?
NSSA meets 3rd Thursday of each month in rooms behind the State Library
on Kintore Ave, Adelaide City, from 7.45pm. Small but friendly and
dedicated group of collectors, always welcomes new members and
visitors. Annual subscription cost is very modest. Meeting usually
lasts about 2 hours. Members are encouraged to bring along their items
to discuss. Coin magazines and lists available to peruse. Light supper
provided. More details: call Richard on 08 8165 3446 between midday and
7pm - Monday to Friday.