Hand made coins, from the Dark Ages to the Renaissance, circa 500-1650AD.

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Click small photo to see larger image. Rare Dark Ages coinage of the Huns, Vandals and Goths 480 - 650 AD.  For the not so dark ages, compare the generally crude European issues of this period to some of the Byzantine gold from the same period (circa 400-650 AD) listed in the "Later Roman  Coins" section of this website. $
VANDALS.  Municipal Coinage of Carthage. Circa 491-535 AD. Follis, (23mm, 8.99 gm). INVICTA ROMA/Eagle, Fine and scarce.$250
VANDALS.  Municipal Coinage of Carthage. Circa 480-523 AD. Æ 4 Nummi (12mm, 1.07 gm). Bust of Carthage left, holding palm / N IIII. MIB I 20; MEC 1, 51. Near VF, weak strike, brown patina. From the Dr. Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Wayte Raymond Collection, NASCA (5-7 December 1977), lot 225 (part of). Sold       
VANDALS.  Municipal Coinage of Carthage. Circa 480-523 AD. Æ 42 Nummi (25mm, 11.68 gm). Carthage standing facing, holding grain ears, within laurel wreath / NXLII within laurel wreath. MIB I 17a; MEC 1, 34. Near VF, strongly contrasting dark green and light brown patina. From the Dr. Garth R. Drewry Collection. Ex Harlan Berk (29 March 1989), lot 406

For nearly one hundred years the Vandals controlled a kingdom based approximately in what had been the Roman province of Africa. This Germanic tribe crossed the frozen Rhine in AD 406, and proceeded to ravage Gaul, and then Spain in AD 409. Over the next three decades, the main group splintered into a number of factions, two of the largest of which settled in Spain. Almost immediately, another Germanic tribe, the Visigoths, who had also settled in Spain, attacked these factions and destroyed them, save for a small group that took refuge in Gaul. As Visigothic Spain became permanently hostile to them, this group, under Gaiseric, crossed into North Africa at the behest of Count Boniface, a Roman rebel who hoped to use them against the emperor Valentinian III. Boniface misread the situation, though, and soon thereafter Gaiseric and his tribesmen sacked Carthage and overran the surrounding territory. So fierce were Gaiseric’s Vandals that in AD 435, their kingdom was recognized in a treaty with the emperor Valentinian III. Nonetheless, hostilities continued, and Gaiseric conquered the Balearic Islands, Sardinia, Corsica, and a portion of Sicily. Most significantly, Gaiseric sacked Rome in AD 455 and defeated a large expedition sent against him in AD 468. Gaiseric’s successors, however, were not able to build upon his achievements, and their kingdom only held out until the Byzantine general Belisarius captured Carthage in AD 533. Their kingdom was vanquished, and the surviving Vandals were enslaved or joined into the imperial service.
OSTROGOTHS, Municipal Coinage of Ravenna, Theodoric (A.D. 493-526), AE ten nummi (decanummium)  (15mm, 2.012 grams), obv. bust of Tyche to right, around traces of legend, FELIX AVENNA, rev. monogram of Ravenna all within wreath, (Hahn MIB I 72a, Grierson & Blackburn MEC 145-150, BMC 36-38 [Pl.XIV, 10-12]). Light brown patina, good fine, scarce. $200       

OSTROGOTHS. Municipal Issue of Ravenna. Theodoric. 493-526 AD.  Æ 10 Nummi (19mm, 3.21 gm). FELIX RAVENNA, crowned bust of Tyche right / Monogram of Ravenna in wreath; cross above. MIB I 72b; MEC 1, 150. VF, slight roughness.  From the Dr. Garth R. Drewry Collection.

The Ostrogoths were one of a number of Germanic tribes that ravaged the Roman Empire while under the domination of the Huns. After the Hunnic kingdom fell in AD 454, the Ostrogoths were settled in northern Pannonia as foederati. In AD 488, the emperor Zeno called on the Ostrogothic king, Theodoric, to overthrow Odovacar, who had been ruling Italy for the emperor, but had recently become an opponent. Theodoric complied, and hostilities lasted until Odovacar was finally defeated in AD 493. Theodoric was to rule Italy until the emperor arrived, but Zeno died before this occurred. As a result, the Ostrogoths established their own kingdom in Italy, under the authority of the emperor in Constantinople. Over the first thirty years, under Theodoric and then his grandson, Athalaric, Italy experienced a period of relative tranquility. The prosperity of the kingdom was shattered in AD 535, when the Byzantine emperor Justinian I sent his general Belisarius to return Italy to ‘Roman’ rule. Although Belisarius was on the brink of accomplishing this goal, Justinian was forced to recall him to lead the imperial forces against the Persians in the east. Afterward, a quick succession of inept kings followed, until Baduila ascended the throne in AD 541. A popular king, he restored most of Italy to the Ostrogoths and sparked a revival of their fortunes, but was eventually killed in action against the Byzantines at Busta Gallorum in AD 552. His successor, Theia, died that same year, and only a few independent pockets of Ostrogothic resistance held out until the last stronghold was taken in AD 562.

Dark Ages, Vandals, Gelmir 530-534 AD. AE Nummus, (10mm, 0.80 grams) Carthage mint. GEIL-AMIR, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right/Gelmir monogram within wreath, MEC-1 28-30, BMC Vandals 4-6. Near VF, dark brown patina, lighter highlights.
From the Giamba collection and ex CNG eSale 235 lot 545 where it sold for over $500.

Vandals and Ostrogoths c550 AD. Two coins in group. Two small and rare coins from the Dark Ages. Vandals copper Pentanummium (1.71g 14mm) Large V within wreath (S337, DOC I 369, BMC Vandals Pl IV 21) Fine. Also Ostrogoths copper nummus, Badulia (541-552AD) (9mm, 0.71 grams) Draped bust right, rev (D)N REX over B in two lines within wreath, BMC 28-36 PL XI 16-21, MIB I (Pl 41,88, MEC I 164-5) Some age marks to the second coin, Fine and rare, from the Elivira Elisa Clain-Stefanelli collection.         $150   
VISIGOTHS, Spain. Sisebut. 612-621 AD. AV (Gold) Tremissis (18mm, 1.50 g). Toledo mint. +SISEBVTVS REX, facing bust / +TOLETO PIVS (S horizontal), facing bust. Miles, Visigoths, 183a; cf. MEC 1, 234. gVF & Rare Dark Ages gold coinage.

The Visigoths were one of many Germanic tribes invaded the Roman Empire in the fourth century AD. Their early period is most notable for their defeat of the emperor Valens at Adrianople in AD 378 and their sacking of Rome under Alaric in AD 410. Alaric’s successor, Athaulf, led the Visigoths into Gaul and Spain, where they subsequently fought against the Vandals and Suevi for the emperor Honorius. Honorius rewarded them, in AD 417, with his permission to settle as foederati in western Aquitaine. Over the following half-century, the Visigoths rendered relatively faithful service for the empire, until their king Euric conquered much of Gaul and established an independent kingdom. This kingdom was quickly squashed in AD 507 by the Franks under Clovis, and the center of Visigothic power moved to Spain, where it flourished and took hold. The majority of the later kings were relatively weak and ineffectual. A few exceptions were the following: Leovigild, an outstanding military and political leader whose long reign (AD 568-586) ushered in the royal line that continued until the end; Reccared, who officially abandoned Arianism for Catholicism; and Sisebut and Swinthila, whose efforts led to the final conquest of Byzantine possessions in Spain. By AD 711, the decentralizing of power in Visigothic Spain had left the kingdom weak in the face of the invading Arabs, who defeated Roderick, the last Visigothic king. Another Visigothic leader, Achila II, continued to rule in Septimania, but he was also killed by the Arabs in AD 714.

Click small photo to see bigger photo. Early & Middle period Anglo Saxon coinage. c650-860AD. $
ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND. Continental (Frisian). Circa 695-740.  Silver Light Sceatta (10mm, 0.88 gm). Continental series D, type 2c. Bust with runes / Cross with pellets. Cf. Metcalf 169 (heavy); cf North 11; cf. SCBC 839. Toned VF. $200       
ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND. Continental . Circa 695-740.  Silver Sceatta (11.81mm, 1 gm). Continental series E, type A.  For many years considered a porcupine design, now thought to be diademded head/ TOTll in design. S 790A. Toned VF.
For almost two centuries following the end of Roman domination in the early fifth century AD, Britain was virtually devoid of coinage, though remnants of the Roman coinage and its imitations ('barbarous radiates') continued to be used in isolated exchanges. The use of coinage was re-introduced in the mid-sixth century as trade between the Anglo-Saxons and the Merovingians grew. The British silver sceatta paralleled the Merovingian silver units both in weight and size, as well as its use of iconography. As the sceattas and their Merovingian counterparts were mostly devoid of any readable legends, the iconography used was important in identifying the source of the coinage. This was imperative in trade, so that the parties involved would be able to recognize the coinage as a legitimate and valuable commodity. The importance of recognizable iconography is reflected by both the adoption of standardized types and the existence of forgeries and imitations copying the types used. So robust was the economy in Britain that over one hundred individual types were used on the sceattas. While the issuers of some of these coins are certainly royal authorities, the source of most are as yet unknown, although many can be assigned to a particular region and time frame. Modern studies of the sceattas have shown three phases of production. Primary, intermediate, and secondary, which are further divided into series, and then types within each series. The primary phase, circa 680-710, is comprised of the earliest series of sceattas, and these series are mostly placed in southeast Britain and Northumbria. The intermediate phase, from circa 710-720, is characterized by a huge influx of foreign sceattas into Britain, which precipitated the vast amount of British coinage developed in the subsequent secondary phase, circa 710-760. Sceattas that have a foreign origin, but that are commonly found in Britain, are classified as 'Continental' sceattas. The sceatta remained the silver unit in the British monetary system until Offa's reform in the mid-late 700s, which was also influenced by events in France - a similar reform of Pépin le Bref (the Short) in the 750s. The sole exception was the kingdom of Northumbria, whose relatively isolated economy, unaffected by the reform, continued to use sceattas until the mid- to late- ninth century, when the kingdom was overrun by the Vikings
FRANCE - CAROLINGIANS. Charles le Chauve (the Bald). As Charles II, King of West Francia, 840-877. AR Denier (20mm, 1.61 g, 12h). Saint-Denis mint. Struck 864-875. +GRATIA D-I REX, Karolus monogram / +SCI DIONVSSII M, cross. Depeyrot 896; M&G 843; MEC 1, 897. EF, toned, slight die shift.

Beginning as “mayors of the palace” under the preceding Merovingian kings, the Carolingians became kings of the Franks in their own right, and, under Charlemagne (AD 768-814), reestablished an emperor in the West. Although the dynasty’s name is derived from Charles Martel, who defeated the Moors at the Battle of Tours in AD 732, its founder was Saint Arnulf, bishop of Metz and the first of the “mayors of the palace” at the Merovingian court. In AD 751, Pépin le Bref (the Short) removed the last Merovingian king, Childeric III, and was declared king in his own right. But it was Pépin’s son, Charlemagne, who expanded Carolingian power to its greatest extent. Attempting to create an emperor in the west as a counterbalance to the Byzantine Empire, the Pope crowned Charlemagne as Emperor of the Romans on Christmas Day, AD 800. From this beginning, the Holy Roman Empire would be formed and the title which would continue to be held by its rulers until 1806.
Upon Charlemagne’s death in AD 840, the division of the kingdom among his three sons, Lothar, Louis the German, and Charles the Bald, signaled the end of Carolingian unity. Civil war broke out among the three heirs, and at the resolution achieved with the Treaty of Verdun in AD 843, the empire was split into three regions: West Francia, Middle Francia, and East Francia. The western portion became the nucleus of later France, which eventually the Capetian kings would rule. East Francia became Germany and the Holy Roman Empire; the Carolingians who ruled there until AD 911 were succeeded by a Saxon dynasty, commonly referred to as the Ottonians, who consciously modeled themselves as Carolingian successors. Middle Francia, the weakest of the three, was soon divided and absorbed by both West and East Francia.

ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Eanbald II.  796-835 AD. AE Styca, (12mm, 1.1 g). S 861. Small central cross, legends around, moneyer Ethelweard. Fine.$150
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Eanred.  810-841 AD. AE Styca, (12mm, 1.1 g). S 860. Small central cross, legends around, moneyer Eadwini. Fine/VF. $175
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Archbishop Wigmund.  837-850 AD. AE Styca, (12mm, 1.1 g). S 870. Small central cross, legends around, moneyer Ethelweard. Fine. $120
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Aethelred II.  843-850 AD. AE Styca, (11mm, 0.8 g). S 868. Small central cross, legends around, Moneyer Eardwulf. Nice grade, VF. $165
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Redwulf.  843-844 AD. AE Styca, (11mm, 0.8 g). S 867. Small central cross, legends around, Moneyer Eardwulf. Nice grade, VF. $175
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Northumbria. Civil War period.  843-855 AD. AE Styca, (11mm, 0.8 g). S 872. Small central cross, legends around, VF. $100
Click small photo to see larger photo.Later Anglo-Saxon period. England, Kings of Wessex and Kings of All England 871AD-1066AD.        $
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of Wessex. Alfred the Great.  871-899 AD. Silver Penny (20mm, 1.58 g). Two Line type. Dudig, moneyer. Struck circa 880-899. +ÆLFRED RE, around cross / DVDIG MON , in two lines, pellet flanked by crosses between. SCBI -; BMC 265-266; North 637; SCBC 1066. Good VF, lightly toned, minor striking weakness, very rare.

Alfred had to contend with invading Danish armies for most of his reign. In 878 Alfred and Guthrum the Dane, divided the country, with Alfred holding all England south & west of Watling Street. Alfred occupied London in 886 A.D.
VIKINGS in England,  Danelaw (York). Hunedeus & Cnut.  Circa 900-905. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.33 g). Cunnetti type. York mint. Patriarchal cross; C N V T and R E X at end of limbs; pellet in each quarter of lower cross / + CVN ·:· NET ·:· TI ·:·, small cross pattée; pellet in first and fourth quarters. L&S class IIe; SCBI 29 (Merseyside) 341 (same dies); North 501; SCBC 993. Good VF, toned.
Ex William C. Boyd Collection (Baldwin’s 42, 26 September 2005), lot 773, with his original ticket; purchased from Devine, July 1896, a 100+ year old provenance and most likely from the Cuerdale hoard.

The Cuerdale Hoard was discovered by workmen on the banks of the river Ribble near Preston, Lancashire on May 15th, 1840. Consisting of around a 1,000 ozs of silver ingots and over 7,000 coins, it is still today the largest hoard of Viking silver ever found in the British Isles, and the largest in Europe outside of Russia. The majority of the hoard was seized by the landowner's bailiff; the laborers were allowed to retain one coin each for themselves. It was declared Treasure Trove at an inquest on 15 August 1840, the property of Queen Victoria in right of her Duchy of Lancaster; the Duchy then passed it to the British Museum for examination prior to its distribution to over 170 recipients. The lion's share, however, was allocated to the British Museum.  Buried in a lead chest around A.D. 905 - 910, the coins reflected the trading and cultural contacts of the Vikings who once owned the treasure. In addition to c.5000  coins of the Viking Kingdoms of York and East Anglia, there were c.1000 Anglo-Saxon issues, c.1000 Carolingian issues and a handful of Kufic, early Scandinavian and 1 Byzantine one.

The reasons for it's burial and moreover it's non-recovery will never be exactly known. However, its find spot may provide the best clue. Cuerdale is located at the start of an overland route from York to the Irish Sea and from there on to Dublin. We know from historical sources that the Vikings were expelled from Dublin A.D. 902 and it has been speculated that was deposited during their flight and subsequently not recovered. Whatever the exact reason there is a strong Irish dimension to the hoard from both its location and from some of the silver jewelry in the hoard.

Lyon and Stewart have suggested that the enigmatic legend 'CVNNETTI" maybe a Latinized rendering of Hunedeus, an historically attested Viking leader, who held power at York with the otherwise unknown Cnut (BAR 180, p.348).

FRANCE, Provincial, Normandie. Richard I Sans Peur (the Fearless) 943-966, Great Granfather of William the Conquerer.  
Silver Denier (20mm, 1.36 g). Roeun mint. Cross pattée with pellet in each quarter / Temple façade; in center, cross of Saint André with pellet in each quarter. Dumas pl. XV, 10. Bright, Good VF.
Richard was the son of William I Longsword and grandson of the Viking chieftain Rollo, the founder of the duchy. He was a child when his father was murdered by Arnulf of Flanders in 942, and was nearly killed soon thereafter, when the Carolingian king of France, Louis IV d'Otremer, invaded Normandie with Hughes le Grand, count of Paris. He faced another crisis when Louis' successor, Lothaire, invaded with the counts of Anjou, Blois-Chartres, and Flanders in the 960s. Richard made peace with his neighbors at Gisors in 965, and thereafter concentrated on solidifying his rule in Normandy by making family alliances with the various Scandinavian tribes in the region. He also gained ecclesiastical support by promoting Christianity and rebuilding a number of churches. Richard was first married to Emma, daughter of Hughes le Grand, but she died young and childless. He had a number of children with his second wife, Gunnor, including his heir, Richard II le Bon, and Emma of Normandy. Through Emma's marriage to two kings of England, Aethelred II the Unready and Cnut the Great, Richard was grandfather of the English kings Harthacnute and Edward the Confessor. Through his son, Richard II, Richard was the great-grandfather of William 'the Conqueror'.
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Aethelred II . 978-1016. Silver Penny.  (20mm, 1.66 g). Long cross type(BMC IVa, Hild. D) London mint, Wulfwine moneyer, struck circa 997-1003.
 ÆÐELRÆD REX Λ(NG)LΘ’, draped bust left; pellet behind neck / + PVLFPINE M°Θ LVND, voided long cross with pellet in center and triple crescent ends. SCBI 7 (Copenhagen) 973 (same dies); BMC 264 var. (rev. legend); North 774; SCBC 1151. Good VF, lightly toned.

King Æthelred II succeeded to the throne at the age of ten after the murder of his half-brother, Edward the Martyr. His was a long reign, which in modern times has been notable for little other than the payment of the Danegeld, an attempt to buy off the Viking invaders with money. This policy had been employed by Edward the Elder and Alfred the Great, but both these rulers had used the respite from attack to build their forces for renewed conflict, while Æthelred seems to have squandered the opportunity. The leading men of the country, some of whom were of Anglo-Danish descent, saw in him an irresolute ruler and withheld their support; this further weakened his position. In 991 AD a vast force of Scandinavians assembled to attempt the extraction of wealth from England; the English resistance was spirited but unsuccessful, and the decision was taken to pay the Danegeld; ever larger armies demanded ever more money, and Æthelred's kingdom was soon paying for its own destruction. This forced Æthelred to abandon his throne in 1013 and flee to Normandy where his wife, Emma, had kin. The death of Svein Forkbeard in 1014 prompted his recall although he died two years later.
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Cnut.  1016-1035. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.04 g).
Helmet type (1024-30), AELPINC ON PINCE (Winchester)(S.1158; North 787) Toned, Very Fine.
Knut Svenson (also known as Canute or Cnut) attempted to seize the English throne on the death of Æthelred; for several years he contended with Edmund Ironside, until the latter's death. Cnut was initially unpopular due to the fear that he would tax England excessively and use English warriors in his Scandinavian campaigns, but he was careful to support the church and behave like an English king, and his reign was marked by prosperity and relative harmony based on military strength. Cnut married Æthelred's widow, Emma, and purged the English nobility of its disloyal and self-serving members, such as Eadric Streona of Mercia, and paid off his invasion force. The almost two decades of Cnut's reign marked a shift in English attitudes, as Cnut was king of England, Denmark and Norway; he ruled over a North Sea Empire. At his death, he was buried in Winchester Cathedral.
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harold I Harefoot. 1035-1040. Silver Penny.   (18mm, 1.11 g). Jewel Cross type (BMC i, Hild. A). Lincoln mint; Godric, moneyer. Struck 1036-1038. + HAR OLD REX, diademed bust left / + GODRIC ON LINCOL, cross composed of four ovals united at base by two concentric circles enclosing a pellet. Mossop pl. LVII, 28 (dies B/c – this coin); SCBI 18 (Copenhagen), 214 (same rev. die); Hild. 385; BMC -; North 802; SCBC 1163. Good VF, toned. Well struck. Rare.  Mossop Plate Coin. Ex Albert Henry Frederick ‘Fred’ (A. H. F.) Baldwin Collection, acquired from his father, Albert Henry (A.H.) Baldwin (includes his original stock ticket). $2750
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Harthacnut. 1035-1042.  Silver Penny (18mm, 1.04 g). Danish type. Lund mint; Thorketill, moneyer. Struck circa 1040-1042. × NΛR•ECNV, draped bust left; shield to right / + ĐO RCE TL ON • LD, voided long cross with triple-crescent ends, pellet at center. Becker, Coinages, dies H38/203; SCBC 1170; CNG 91, lot 1478 var. (moneyer; same obv. die). VF, toned, peck mark in fourth quarter, obverse struck with slightly worn die. Rare. 

Ex Spink Numismatic Circular LXXXI.7 (July-August 1973), no. 5947, Richard Cyril Lockett Collection (Part 3, Glendining, 29 February 1956), lot 577; Ernest Henry Wheeler Collection (Sotheby & Co., 12 March 1930), lot 97.

IRELAND, Hiberno-Norse.  Mid 11th century. Silver Penny (18mm, 0.96 g). Phase III coinage. Difelin (Dublin) mint signature; ‘Faeremin,’ moneyer. Struck circa 1035-1055/60. Draped bust left; two pellets before, small cross pattée behind / Voided long cross, with triple crescent ends; ‘hand’ in second and fourth quarters.  SCBC 6132. Good VF, toned.Sold
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor.  1042-1066 AD. Silver Penny (18mm, 1.28 g).  S 1182. Hammer Cross type. Decent portrait, toned, Very Fine.$695
ANGLO-SAXON, Kings of All England. Edward the Confessor.  1042-1066 AD. Silver Penny (17mm, 1.10 g).  S 1183. Facing bust/small cross  type, moneyer Leofstan. Decent portrait, toned, Very Fine.$650
Click small photo to see larger photo.Normans & Plantagenets. 1066-1485.           $
NORMAN ENGLAND. William I The Conqueror. 1066-1087.  Silver Penny (20mm, 1.37 g).
PAXS type, IELFRIED ON LII (London)(BMC 761)(S.1254). Good fine.
NORMAN ENGLAND. William II Rufus. 1087-1100.  Silver Penny (20mm, 1.31 g). Cross in Quatrefoil type (BMC II). Chichester mint; Edwine, moneyer. Struck circa 1089-1092. +PILLELM REX, crowned bust right, holding sword / +EDP[I]NE ON CICST, cross pattée within quatrefoil with pellets in angles. King 178 var. (CICEST); North 852; Seaby  1259. Good VF, toned, typical areas of flat strike. Very Rare. $5000     
NORMAN ENGLAND. Henry I. 1100-1135. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.43 g). Quadrilateral on cross fleury type (BMC xv). Oxford mint; Radulf, moneyer. Struck circa 1125-1135. [+h]ENRIC[VS:], crowned bust facing slightly left, holding scepter with lis terminal / + RAPV[LF: O]N: O[XENN:], quadrilateral on cross fleury. SCBI -; BMC 286 (same dies); North 871; SCBC 1276. Good VF, toned, strong portrait.
Ex Spink 170 (6 October 2004), lot 449; Pimprez (2002) Hoard.

The Pimprez hoard was deposited c.1140 and consisted of 569 silver coins and 12 silver ingots. The hoard was discovered by chance in 2002 in the grounds of a house in the small town of Pimprez (pronounced 'pamprey') (Oise), near Beauvais, 50km to the north of Paris. During the 12th century a House of the Knights Templers was located in the town. The reason for the hoards concealment and perhaps more interestingly its non-recovery is not known. However, the unusual mix of coins from England, the Low Countries and Switzerland would suggest an individual or organization with strong multinational links.

The hoard was officially declared to the French authorities and was studied by Bibliotheque Nationale de France before being released for sale on the open market. All of the coins in the hoard are of good silver. 


NORMAN ENGLAND. Stephen. 1135-1154. Silver Penny (22mm, 1.40 g). Cross moline (Watford) type. Thetford mint; Rodbert  moneyer. Struck circa 1135-1141. +STIEFN[E R:], crowned bust right, holding scepter /cross moline; lis in angles.  Seaby 1278. Excellent portrait for this crude issue, VF for type, struck on a huge flan for issue, which somehow missed the clippers, light toning. 

When Henry I died in 1135 he desired his daughter Matilda (or Maud), married to the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, to succeed him. But Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois, Count of Boulogne, was the quickest to react to news of the king's death and crossed the Channel to claim the throne. Matilda rallied her own supporters and landed in England in 1139, sparking a 15 year civil war, the Period of Anarchy. During this period many of the contesting nobles struck coins in their own names. Matilda's uncle, king David of Scotland invaded northern England in her support, but was defeated by Stephen at the 'Battle of the Standard" in 1138. To avert further hostilities, Stephen agreed to name David's son Henry Earl of Northumberland, and left the north under nominal Scottish control. Stephen was captured in 1141, but his supporters continued the conflict. In 1153 when Eustace, Stephen's son and heir designate died, the two sides reached an agreement to end the conflict. Stephen would retain his kingdom for life and in return adopt Matilda's son, Henry Plantagenet as the new heir.

NORMAN ENGLAND. Stephen. 1135-1154. Silver Penny (20mm, 1.14 g). Cross moline (Watford) type. Cantebury mint; Willem of Cantebury moneyer. Struck circa 1136-1145. +STIEFN[NE REX:], crowned bust right, holding scepter /cross moline; lis in angles.  Seaby 1278. VF. Excellent portrait for this type of issue. Ex Prestwich Hoard, 1971 with ticket.$1150
PLANTAGENET. Henry II. 1154-1189. Silver Penny (18mm, 1.46 grams) Short cross type, Seaby 1345. Usual condition for type, Fine and scarce.$100
FRANCE, Melgueil. Bishops of Maguelonne. 11th-13th century. AR Denier (19mm, 0.96 gm). Cross with arms in the shape of a bishop's mitre; pellet in one quarter / Four annulets with pellet in center. Poey d'Avant 3842; Boudeau 753; Roberts 4336. Good VF, attractive tone. $125       
PLANTAGENET. Richard I. 1189-1199. Silver Penny (18mm, 1.24 g). Short Cross type, class IVa. York mint; Everard, moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. Near VF. Time of The Crusades and Robin Hood.  Sold

ANGLO-GALLIC. Richard I 1189-1199.  Silver Denier or Penny, 18mm, Aquantine (France) mint. Attractive old grey tone, VF.

Invested with Aquitaine in 1169 by Henry II, Richard soon tried to exert real authority over his territory against the wishes of the king. Though the rebellious Richard was nevertheless forced to capitulate, swearing renewed loyalty to his father and in 1185 forced to formally surrender his province to his mother, the lawful duchess, he nevertheless remained de facto ruler throughout the rest of the reign of Henry II. During this period, those deniers and oboles with the obverse legend RICARDVS were struck.

As king of England, Richard I spent only about six months of his reign in England; for the rest of the time he was engaged in foreign wars. In 1190 he departed for the east as one of the leaders of the Third Crusade. To pay for this enterprise Richard auctioned off all that he could: land, towns, castles, and even offices. The quote attributed to him, "I would have sold London itself, if I could have found a buyer" accurately reflected his great need for funds to carry out the crusade. None of his territories were exempt in contributing. The large number of billon deniers and oboles of Aquitaine struck during this time, bearing the obverse legend RICARDVS REX, demonstrate how desperate Richard was for ready cash.
His crushing of an attempted coup by John, and his sporadic wars with Philip II drained the royal treasury and only deepened Richard’s desperation for money. His unpaid mercenaries wreaked havoc throughout the countryside, and Normandy was on the brink of rebellion from the excessive taxation. Richard, though, casually dismissed such penury with a frivolous song, Savies qu’a Chinon non a argent ni denier (Chinon, you know, has no silver nor denier).
It was this great need for money that brought about Richard’s death. A peasant discovered a hoard of gold statuettes and coins at Châlus in Limousin, one of Richard’s territories. As that region’s liege-lord, Richard declared it his, and demanded it sent to him. When Richard’s vassal, the local viscount, proposed an unacceptable solution (in effect, he refused to hand it over straightaway to the king), and held it in his castle for safe-keeping, the enraged Richard laid siege to the castle. In the course of checking the progress of the siege one evening, Richard, at that time not in full armor, was struck in the shoulder by a crossbow bolt. Though not initially a mortal wound, the resulting complications from the bolt’s extraction proved fatal.

PLANTAGENET. Richard I. 1189-1216. Silver Penny (19mm, 1.39 g). Short Cross type, class IVa. York mint; Nicole, moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, 1194-circa 1200. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 968/1; SCBC 1348A. Near VF, toned. Time of Robin Hood.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny (18.5mm, 1.38 g). Short Cross type, class Vb2. Canterbury mint; Hue, moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, 1205-1207. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 970; SCBC 1351. Near VF, toned.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny. (17.5mm, 1.189 g). Short Cross type, class Vb3. Canterbury mint; Roberd moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, 1205. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 970; SCBC 1351. VF, toned, minor flan split.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny. (18mm, 1.39 g). Short Cross type, class Vb3. Norwich mint; Gifrei, moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, circa 1206. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 970; SCBC 1351. Near VF, toned.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny. (18mm, 1.44 g). Short Cross type, class Vc. London mint; Abel moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, 1207-circa 1210. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 971; SCBC 1352. Near VF, toned, variable strike.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny. (18mm, 1.39 g). Short Cross type, class VIb1. London mint; Abel moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, 1213-1215. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 975/1; SCBC 1354. Good Fine.
Time of the Magna Carta.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny. (18mm, 1.41 g). Short Cross type, class VIb2. Canterbury mint; Hiun, moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II, circa 1213-circa 1215. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. North 975/2; SCBC 1354. Near VF, toned, variable strike. Time of the Magna Carta.
Ex 1970 Gisors (Eure) Hoard.
PLANTAGENET. John. 1199-1216. Silver Penny. (18mm, 1.35 g). Short Cross type, class VIIc. London mint; Rauf, moneyer. Struck in the name of Henry II. Crowned head facing; sceptre to left / Voided short cross; quatrefoils in angles. SCBC 1354. Much above average  portrait, near EF. Time of the Magna Carta. Sold
PLANTAGENET. Henry III 1216-1272. Silver Penny. (18mm, 1.30 g). Class 5b2. Ricard on Lund moneyer. S1368A. Better than average, gVF.Sold
SCOTLAND. Alexander III. 1249-1286.  Silver Penny (19mm, 1.38 g). Second coinage, class Mb2. Struck circa 1280-1286. +ALEXANDER DEI GRA (ND ligate), crowned head left (hair punch h); scepter to left / REX SCO TOR VM+, long cross; 24 points on mullets in quarters. Burns 45 (fig. 179) ; SCBI 35 (Ashmolean & Hunterian), 231; SCBC 5054. VF, toned. $275       
PLANTAGENET. Edward I. 1272-1307. Silver Penny. (17.5mm, 1.37 g). New coinage, class 1c. London (Tower) mint. Struck May-December 1279. Crowned facing bust / Long cross pattée; triple pellets in quarters. North 1012; SCBC 1382. VF, toned , much better than average. Sold
SPAIN, Castile and León. Ferdinand IV, the Summoned (el Emplazado). 1295-1312.  AR Pepion (20mm, 0.77 gm) Toledo mint. +F REGIS CASTELLE, castle with three towers; T below / +ET LEGIONIS, lion walking left. ME 1166; Burgos 267A. Good VF. $100       
GERMANY, Lindau. Anonymous issues. 1295-1335. Silver Bracteate Pfennig.  (20mm, 0.36 g). Cross above floral display / Incuse of obverse. Bonhoff 1831. VF, toned.           $125 
BULGARIA, Second Empire. Ivan Sisman. 1371–1395.  Silver Half Grosh (14mm, 0.48 g). Type IV. Turnovo mint. Half-length facing bust of the Theotokos, ,i>orans, facing bust of Holy Infant on breast; [M] Q flanking / Ivan standing facing, holding scepter; W to left, W/monogram to right. Raduchev & Zhekov 1.15.11; Youroukova & Penchev 127. Good VF, attractively toned. $100       
ENGLAND. LANCASTER. Henry V. 1413-1422. Silver Groat.  (24mm, 3.68 g). Class C. London mint; im: pierced cross with pellet. hЄnRIC · DI · GRΛ · RЄX · ΛnGLIЄ · Z · FRΛnC (saltire stops), crowned bust facing within tressure of nine arches; trefoils at points, mullet on left breast / POSVI · DЄVm · Λ DIVTOR Є' · mЄVm/CIVI TΛS : LOn DOn : (saltire and double saltire stops), long cross pattée, with trefoils in each angle. Potter class VIb; North 1387a; SCBC 1765. Good VF, rare. Exceptional strike for issue. $2500     
ENGLAND, Edward IV, 1461-70.  Groat, light coinage 26mm and 2.93 grams. S 2000. London mint. A lovely example, toned gVF. Excellent type coin. $395       
Click small photo to see larger photo.The Tudor Dynasty 1485 to 1603.   $
FRANCE, Lorraine (duché). Antoine le Bon (the Good).  1508-1544. Billon Sol de guerre (20mm, 1.07 g.). Nancy mint. Crowned coat-of-arms / Sword. De Saulcy pl. XIV, 14; Roberts 9437. gF/VF, toned. $150       
ENGLAND. Edward VI Base Silver Shilling. 1549-1550. 3rd  issue bust, Y mintmark, Seaby 2466B. Usual crude strike, excellent portrait for this type of issue and scarce.$550
ENGLAND. Edward VI Silver Shilling. 1551-1553.
Fine silver issue, Seaby 2482. Even wear, VG, scarce ruler.
ENGLAND. Mary Silver Groat. 1553-1554. Seaby 2492. MM Pomegranate. Small obv dent, good portrait, gF and a scarce ruler.Sold
ENGLAND. Philip & Mary 1554 Shilling.  S 2500. With full titles, toned, VG and scarce.Sold
IRELAND. Philip & Mary 1557 Base silver Groat.  Mintmark Rose. S 6501B. 2.37 grams. Reverse: Harp. Usual variable strike, with decent portraits, Fine or better and scarce. $500       
SCOTLAND. 1567 James VI Silver Sword Dollar.  29.97 grams, 39mm. Seaby 5472. Counter- marked with crowned thistle in 1568 to raise the value from 32/6d to 36/9d. Toned, weak in places as usual, otherwise near VF and rare.  Ex Alan Jordan collection, Noble Numismatics sale 103, Lot 1981. August 2013.      $1450 
ELIZABETH I, 1572 silver sixpence.  Seaby 2562. 25mm diameter. Decent portrait and shield, dark hoard patina, near Fine.$65
ELIZABETH I, 1580 silver sixpence.  S2572. A lovely example with choice antique grey tone, VF/gVF.$350

ELIZABETH I, 1558-1603. silver half crown.  Seventh issue, 1601-02, mm 1. Seaby 2583. Good Fine and rare.
Ex C.S.Hodgson Collection.


ELIZABETH I, 1558-1603. One Testern, Portcullis Money.  Silver. S 2607d, 3.19 grams, approx 24mm. Features portcullis or castle gate/royal coat of arms, old tone, gVF and very rare.

Portcullis Money, issued by the Tower Mint during 1600-1601 for the first voyage of the Incorporated Company of London trading into the East Indies. The series was issued in denominations of 8,4,2 and 1 testerns, which corresponded to the size and weight of current Spanish 8, 4, 2 and 1 reale silver coins.  The English coins were not a success, partly because they were too well made in comparison with the Spanish types of the period and were treated with suspicion. Such an iconic trade coin as England, or Great Britain as it was fast becoming, reached out to the New World.... One of only 37 such coins known to exist, 22 of which are in private hands. A similar, slightly better one sold for $31,000 + 16.5% buyers commission (total of $36115) at Nobles Melbourne Sale 85B, July 2007, lot 1630. Ex Seaby Coin Bulletin, Dec 1961, ex Llyod Bennett, ex Guy Newson.

ENGLAND. Pre - James I Gold coin weight  in lead. Value of 16/6d. With crown, value and castle counter - stamp. Reverse shows intricate coat of arms. W 400.  Some stains, sharp detail, overall VF and an interesting addition to your gold coin collection. $65         
Click small photo to see larger photo.The House of Stuart & The Commonwealth of England. 1604 - c1690.       
ENGLAND. James I.  Coin weight for Ryal (30/-) 18mm, struck one side only or uniface, Fine and scarce. $65         
ENGLAND. James I 1603-1625 Gold unite coin weight in brass. Crown and value  XXII for 22/-.  W796. Also has portrait of James I. Well used, grades VG/G. Interesting. $50         
ENGLAND. James I 1603-1625 Silver half groat. 0.70 grams, 15mm. S 2659. Decent detail remains, Fine.$65
ENGLAND. James I 1603-1625 Silver shilling.  (31.5mm, 5.68 g, 7h). Second coinage. Tower (London) mint; im: tower. Struck 1612-1613. Crowned 5th bust right; XII (mark of value) to left / Coat-of-arms. North 2101; SCBC 2656. Good Fine, toned, scattered marks.
Ex Dix, Noonan, Webb 81 (30 April 2009), lot 145 (part of).
SCOTLAND. James VI (I of England). 1603-1625.  AR Sixty Shillings (44mm, 30.15 g). Ninth coinage, 1604-1609. Edinburgh mint; mm: thistle. King riding right on caparisoned horse; thistle on drapery; thistle mm / Coat-of-arms; English arms in 1st and 4th quarters, Burns 1 (figure 972); SCBI 35 (Ashmolean), 1360-1362 (same dies); SCBC 5501. VF, toned, some strike doubling on reverse, otherwise a lovely example & rare. $2500     
ENGLAND. Charles I 1625-1649. Silver Shilling. 29mm, 5.59 grams.  Even wear, G/VG. Sold
ENGLAND. Charles I Silver Half Crown. Seaby 2778, Tower Mint under Parliament, 33mm, usual strike and condition with a nice antique tone, Fine for type.Sold
ENGLAND. 1653 Commonwealth Half Crown.  S 3215. 15 grams, 35mm. Cross of St George. Mintmark: sun. Antique tone, Fine for type.         Sold 
ENGLAND. Charles II Silver Half Crown, 1660-62. Seaby 3321. Usual soft obverse strike, full flan and old appearance, Fine or better for issue and scarce. $395       
AUSTRIA, Salzburg, 1667, Silver Thaler (Crown size, 40mm) Shows Madonna and Child. Lovely old violet tone, grades gF/aVF.  $225       
IRELAND. Gun Money. James II. Jan 1689 Sixpence.  A scarce denomination; Gun Money is mostly shillings & 1/2 crowns, ERA instead of FRA error in the engraving, gF.$125
IRELAND. Gun Money. James II. 1689 Half Crown.  Made from old cannons, hence the name "Gun Money" Overall, Fine.$100

IRELAND. Gun Money. James II. May 1689 Half Crown.  Worn grade, but with a clear portrait, Good.
Gun Money was made from scrap metal and cannon by James II whilst in exile in Ireland in 1689-1690. Was to be redeemed for silver when James re-took the throne of England. Alas for the holders of this coinage, that never happened.
GERMANY, Brunswick-Luneburg, Calenberg, 1698. Silver 2/3 Thaler (35mm, 13g). "Wild man" design. Krause #378. VF, toned.$195 

Do you live in or near Adelaide and have an interest in coins, medals or banknotes?

The NSSA meets 3rd Thursday of each month in rooms behind the State Library on Kintore Ave, Adelaide City, from 7.45pm. Small but friendly and dedicated group of collectors, always welcomes new members and visitors. Annual subscription cost is very modest. Meeting usually lasts about 2 hours. Members are encouraged to bring along their items to discuss. Coin magazines and lists available to peruse. Light supper provided. More details: call Richard on 08 8165 3446 between midday and 7pm - Monday to Friday.


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